, Volume 6, Issue 5, pp 1232–1234 | Cite as

Sustained Benefit of Mindfulness-Based Tinnitus Stress Reduction (MBTSR) in Adults with Chronic Tinnitus: a Pilot Study

  • Jennifer J. GansEmail author
  • Michael A. Cole
  • Benjamin Greenberg

Roughly 50 million people in the USA experience tinnitus at some point in their lives, with two to three million so severely affected that their ability to function is greatly impaired (Shargorodsky et al. 2010). Defined as auditory perceptions not produced by external sound (Baguley 2002), tinnitus and its treatment have become the focus of much recent interest. This is partly because it is the most common service-related disability for veterans returning from military service (Department of Veterans Affairs 2010). As tinnitus is a multimodal disorder with many potential causes, it is a challenge to treat, and current interventions often result in limited levels of success (Meikle et al. 2007).

Bothersome tinnitus is most commonly associated with symptoms of anxiety, sleep disturbance, and depression (Andersson et al. 2005; Lockwood et al. 2002). Poor attention and concentration, interference with work, and negative impact on personal relationships are also commonly reported (Heller 2003...


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Mindfulness Practice MBSR Program Chronic Tinnitus Tinnitus Handicap Inventory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer J. Gans
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael A. Cole
    • 2
  • Benjamin Greenberg
    • 3
  1. 1.University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)San FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.American School of Professional PsychologyAlamedaUSA

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