, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 723–731 | Cite as

Components of Sleep Quality as Mediators of the Relation Between Mindfulness and Subjective Vitality Among Older Adults

  • Preston L. Visser
  • Jameson K. HirschEmail author
  • Kirk W. Brown
  • Richard Ryan
  • Jan A. Moynihan


We examined the potential contribution of sleep quality to the relation between mindfulness and subjective vitality, a marker of physical and psychological energy. Seven components of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were investigated as potential mediators of the association between dispositional mindfulness and subjective vitality in our sample of 219 older adults. Mindfulness, sleep quality, and subjective vitality were significantly and positively associated with each other. Sleep quality partially mediated the relation between mindfulness and subjective vitality, with two components responsible for this effect: habitual sleep efficiency and sleep-related problems experienced during the daytime. Implications of the association between mindfulness and subjective vitality in older adults via sleep quality are addressed, including the potential for interventions to improve sleep quality and well-being among older adults by inclusion of mindfulness training.


Mindfulness Sleep quality Subjective vitality Older adults Primary care 



This work was supported by the National Institute on Aging R21 AG023956 and R24 AG031089 to J.A.M.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Preston L. Visser
    • 1
  • Jameson K. Hirsch
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kirk W. Brown
    • 3
  • Richard Ryan
    • 4
  • Jan A. Moynihan
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Behavioral HealthLawndale Christian Health CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyEast Tennessee State UniversityJohnson CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyUniversity of RochesterRochesterUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Rochester School of Medicine and DentistryRochesterUSA

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