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Why Is It So Hard to Pay Attention, or Is It? Mindfulness, the Factors of Awakening and Reward-Based Learning

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We would like to thank Leigh Brasington, Alice Brewer, Nikolai Haylay, Bill Hale, Stephanie Hertz, and Mahri Leonard-Fleckman for feedback on the manuscript. This work was funded by the following grants: NIDA K12-DA00167, 1R03DA029163-01A1, and the US Veterans Affairs New England Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC).

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Correspondence to Judson A. Brewer.

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Brewer, J.A., Davis, J.H. & Goldstein, J. Why Is It So Hard to Pay Attention, or Is It? Mindfulness, the Factors of Awakening and Reward-Based Learning. Mindfulness 4, 75–80 (2013).

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  • Operant Conditioning
  • Mindfulness Training
  • Mindfulness Practice
  • Experienced Meditator
  • Sensual Pleasure