, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 75–80 | Cite as

Why Is It So Hard to Pay Attention, or Is It? Mindfulness, the Factors of Awakening and Reward-Based Learning

  • Judson A. Brewer
  • Jake H. Davis
  • Joseph Goldstein


Operant Conditioning Mindfulness Training Mindfulness Practice Experienced Meditator Sensual Pleasure 



We would like to thank Leigh Brasington, Alice Brewer, Nikolai Haylay, Bill Hale, Stephanie Hertz, and Mahri Leonard-Fleckman for feedback on the manuscript. This work was funded by the following grants: NIDA K12-DA00167, 1R03DA029163-01A1, and the US Veterans Affairs New England Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judson A. Brewer
    • 1
  • Jake H. Davis
    • 2
  • Joseph Goldstein
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Philosophy, City University of New YorkGraduate CenterNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.The Insight Meditation SocietyBarreUSA

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