, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 103–113 | Cite as

The Positive Impact of Mindful Eating on Expectations of Food Liking

  • Phan Y. HongEmail author
  • David A. Lishner
  • Kim H. Han
  • Elizabeth A. Huss
Original Paper


The positive role of mindful raisin-eating in participants’ expectation of liking of raisins, other foods, and nonfood stimuli was tested across two experiments. The present study examined the relation between mindful raisin-eating and the affective evaluation of food and nonfood items (i.e., the degree to which individuals expect to or think they will like a food or nonfood item). In Experiment 1, college students were randomly assigned to complete a mindful raisin-eating task or complete a nonmindful raisin-eating control task and then reported on how much they thought they would like raisins and other foods. In Experiment 2, a third, no-task condition was included to categorize foods and non-foods into initially disliked, neutral, and liked categories. Results indicate that mindful raisin-eating produced higher ratings of expected liking of foods in general (Experiments 1 and 2) compared to nonmindful raisin-eating and that the effect was strongest for initially disliked foods, moderate for initially neutral foods, and smallest for initially liked foods (Experiment 2). Furthermore, the results of Experiment 2 suggest that mindfully eating also produced higher expected liking of non-food stimuli (pets and hobbies) compared to nonmindful raisin-eating. Implications for the use of mindfulness in enhancing daily life experiences and addressing food neophobia and picky eating are discussed.


Mindfulness Mindful eating Food liking Eating enjoyment Food aversion Food neophobia 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Phan Y. Hong
    • 1
    Email author
  • David A. Lishner
    • 1
  • Kim H. Han
    • 1
  • Elizabeth A. Huss
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin OshkoshOshkoshUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyArgosy UniversityEaganUSA

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