The Relationship between Mindfulness and Uncontrollability of Ruminative Thinking
- 1.9k Downloads
Using a cross-sectional design, we examined the relationship between naturally occurring levels of mindfulness and rumination in students (n = 164). As predicted, we found that, when controlling for current depressive symptoms and prior history of depression, mindfulness was significantly negatively correlated with rumination, but it was only associated with the extent to which rumination was experienced as uncontrollable, not with global levels of rumination. Furthermore, mindfulness moderated the relationship between global levels of rumination and uncontrollability of rumination, consistent with the suggestion that high dispositional mindfulness reduces the extent to which ruminative reactions tend to escalate into self-perpetuating and uncontrollable ruminative cycles.
KeywordsMindfulness Rumination Depression
- American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed) (DSM-IV). Washington, DC: APA.Google Scholar
- Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Beck Depression Inventory-2. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
- Godfrin, K.A., van Heeringen, C. (2010) The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on recurrence of depressive episodes, mental health and quality of life: A randomized controlled study. Behaviour Research and Therapy doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2010.04.006.
- McLaughlin, K., Sibrava, N., Behar, E., & Borkovec, T. D. (2006). Recurrent negative thinking in emotional disorders: Worry, depressive rumination, and trauma recall. In S. Sassaroli & G. Ruggerio (Eds.), Worry, need of control, and other core cognitive constructs in anxiety and eating disorders (pp. 37–67). Milan: Raphael Cortina Publisher.Google Scholar
- Papageorgiou, C., & Wells, A. (2004). Nature, functions, and beliefs about depressive rumination. In C. Papageorgiou & A. Wells (Eds.), Depressive rumination: Nature, theory, and treatment (pp. 3–20). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
- Raes, F., Hermans, D., Williams, J. M. G., Bijttebier, P., & Eelen, P. (2008). A “triple W”-model of rumination on sadness: Why am I feeling sad, what’s the meaning of my sadness, and wish I could stop thinking about my sadness (but I can’t). Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32, 526–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A new approach for preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Van der Does, A. J. W. (2002). Handleiding bij de Nederlandse bewerking van de BDI-II [Manual of the Dutch version of the BDI-II]. San Antonio, TX/Lisse, the Netherlands: The Psychological Corporation/Swets Test Publishers.Google Scholar
- Van der Does, A. J. W., Barnhofer, T., & Williams, J. M. G. (2003). The Major Depression Questionnaire (MDQ). www.dousa.nl/publications.