, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 141–154 | Cite as

Ecofriendly Biosynthesis of Zinc Oxide and Magnesium Oxide Particles from Medicinal Plant Pisonia grandis R.Br. Leaf Extract and Their Antimicrobial Activity

  • Suresh Joghee
  • Pradheesh Ganeshan
  • Alexramani Vincent
  • Sun Ig HongEmail author


In this study, we report the ecofriendly biosynthesis of ZnO and MgO nanoparticles using Pisonia grandis R. Br. Leaf extract for possible applications as biomaterials and electronic materials. GC-MS results proved some of the phytocompounds were present in the ethanol extract of plant material. The successful formation of zinc oxide and magnesium oxide particles has been confirmed by FTIR, XRD, SEM, EDX, and PSA analysis. XRD analysis showed that the ZnO particles were hexagonal phase and MgO particles as face-centered cubic geometry. A plausible formation mechanism was also predicted. Antimicrobial efficacy evaluations of biosynthesized ZnO and MgO nanoparticles against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus (gram-positive bacteria) and Escherichia coli, Salmonella paratyphi, Klebsiella pneumonia (gram-negative bacteria) and fungal strains Aspergillus Niger and Candida albicans. M. luteus and K. pneumonia exhibited good antibacterial behaviors compared to the other bacterial species.


Pisonia grandis R. Br. ZnO and MgO nanoparticles Green chemistry Antimicrobial activity 


Funding Information

This research was supported by the Future Material Discovery Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (MSIP) of Korea (2016M3D1A1023532).

Supplementary material

12668_2018_573_MOESM1_ESM.docx (64 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 63 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suresh Joghee
    • 1
  • Pradheesh Ganeshan
    • 2
  • Alexramani Vincent
    • 3
  • Sun Ig Hong
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Nanomaterials EngineeringChungnam National UniversityDaejeonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySNS College of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Natural products labSt. Joseph’ CollegeTrichyIndia

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