Positively Charged Gold Nanoparticles for Hydrogen Peroxide Detection
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This paper reports the synthesis of positively charged gold nanoparticles [(+)AuNPs] for the colorimetric detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). (+)AuNPs were synthesized using an electrochemically active biofilm in an aqueous solution, which is a novel, simple, and green approach. The as-synthesized (+)AuNPs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and high-resolution TEM (HRTEM). UV-Vis spectroscopy confirmed the synthesis of AuNPs and DLS showed that the as-synthesized AuNPs had a charge of +32.72 mV. XRD confirmed the formation of AuNPs as well as the purity, crystallinity, and fcc structure. TEM and HRTEM showed that (+)AuNPs were 15–21 nm in size and spherical in shape. The as-synthesized (+)AuNPs were used for the colorimetric detection of H2O2 using 3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine dihydrochoride. This study provides a simple, fast, and sensitive colorimetric method for the detection of H2O2 in the linear range from 1.0 × 10−3 to 2.5 × 10−3 M. The (+)AuNPs possessed extraordinary intrinsic peroxidase-like activity (peroxidase mimic) compared to citrate-capped negatively charged AuNPs. This approach to the colorimetric detection of H2O2 is novel and simple because it uses positively charged gold nanoparticles, which may provide new areas for further research.
KeywordsPositively charged gold nanoparticles (+)AuNPs Gold nanoparticles Electrochemically active biofilms Colorimetric method Hydrogen peroxide detection TMB
M. M. Khan is thankful to the Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam, for providing support to complete this article.
This study was supported by the 2017 Yeungnam University Research Grant.
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