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Effects of Cryogenic Aging on Flexural Behavior of Advanced Inter-ply Hybrid Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites

Abstract

Advanced fiber-reinforced polymer composites are stronger, durable and lighter than their metallic counterparts. Inter-ply hybrid polymer composites are formed by more than one type of fiber plies reinforced in the same matrix. The durability and integrity of the altered stacking sequence and hybrid ratio of such composites at low temperature conditions have not been widely explored. In this research work, flexural behavior of cryogenic conditioned glass and/or carbon fibers-based hybrid composites has been studied. Substituting two glass fiber plies with those of carbon on the top side of glass/epoxy (GE) composite, denoted as (C2G3), achieved the maximum flexural strength of 491.94 MPa (27.82% higher than unconditioned neat GE composite) after 8 h of conditioning, and the highest flexural modulus of 33.52 GPa was attained by C1G3C1 composite. A detailed analysis of the effect of conditioning duration and stacking sequence of the hybrids on the flexural properties was done and the underlying mechanisms were discussed. Post-failure analysis of composites using a scanning electron microscope was done to understand the fractographic behavior of the samples. Finally, elemental analysis was used to measure nitrogen incorporation within the matrix as a function of conditioning duration.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are profoundly grateful to National Institute of Technology Rourkela and Science and Engineering Research Board (DST) (ECR/2018/001241) for allocating financial support for doing this research work. The technical aid form Mr. Rajesh Patnaik is eminently admired.

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Correspondence to Rajesh Kumar Prusty.

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Dasari, S., Lohani, S., Gangineni, P.K. et al. Effects of Cryogenic Aging on Flexural Behavior of Advanced Inter-ply Hybrid Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites. Trans Indian Inst Met 74, 2171–2183 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12666-021-02288-5

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Keywords

  • Flexural behavior
  • Liquid nitrogen conditioning
  • Hybrid composite
  • Hybrid effect
  • Fractography