Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

, Volume 71, Issue 7, pp 1809–1825 | Cite as

Statistical Analysis and Mathematical Modeling of Dry Sliding Wear Parameters of 2024 Aluminium Hybrid Composites Reinforced with Fly Ash and SiC Particles

  • Vijaya Bhaskar Kurapati
  • Ravindra Kommineni
  • Srinivasan Sundarrajan
Technical Paper


The present studies are focused to analyze mathematically the dry sliding wear of 2024 aluminium alloy reinforced with fly ash (FA) and silicon carbide (SiC) particles with weight percentages of 5, 10 and 15. Both FA and SiC reinforcements are combined equally in weight proportion. Dry sliding wear values are computed using the pin-on-disc wear testing machine. The process parameters or factors like applied load, the weight percentage of FA and SiC, sliding time are identified, which are going to affect the wear of the sample under investigation. The experiments are designed based on Taguchi L27 orthogonal array. Mathematical/statistical methods such as Taguchi’s signal-to-noise ratio and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) are the best tools, which are used to find out the influence of factors/parameters on the wear of composite. The analysis of experimental data using such methods is done using MINITAB 18 software considering smaller is better as a quality characteristic. Multiple linear regression and response surface methodology (RSM) mathematical models are used to develop the relation between wear with process factors. The results obtained from multiple linear regression model and RSM are compared. 2D contour plots are drawn for evaluation of wear at different set of process conditions. The wear mechanisms are studied using SEM pictures.


Hybrid composites Dry sliding wear Taguchi ANOVA RSM 



The authors thank the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nambur, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India for providing necessary support in conducting experiments; and also the authors express their thanks to Centre for Materials Characterization and Testing, International advanced research centre for Power Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad for their support in SEM–EDX studies.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


  1. 1.
    Amar P, Satapathy A, Mahapatra S S, and Dash R R, Mater Des 30 (2009) 57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nair S V, Tien J K, and Bates R C, Int Mater Rev 30 (1985) 275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gurcan A B, and Baker T N, Wear 188 (1995) 185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen A L, Arai Y, and Tsuchida E, Compos B 36 (2005) 319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hassan A M, Alrashdan A, Hayajneh M, and Mayyas A T, Tribol Int 42 (2009) 1230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yang Z, and Lu Z, Compos B Eng 44 (2013) 453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ramachandra M, and Radhakrishna K, International Symposium of Research Students on Materials Science and Engineering; December 20–22, Chennai, India (2004).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Singla M, Compos 8 (2009) 813.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Uyyuru R K, Surappa M K, and Brusethaug S, Wear 260 (2006) 1248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dhanabalakrishnan K P, Int J Eng Sci Res 2 (2012) 1954.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kumar R, Dhiman S, Mater Des 50 (2013) 351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Carvalho O, Buciumeanu M, Madeira S, Tribol Int 90 (2015) 148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Suresha S, Sridhara B K, Mater Des 31 (2010) 4470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mirinda G, Buciumeanu M, Maderia S, Carvalho O, Soares D, Silva F S, Compos B 74 (2015) 153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bobić B, Mitrović S, Babić M, and Bobić I, Trib Ind 32 (2010) 3.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    David Raja Selvam J, Robinson Smart D S, and Dinaharan I, Energy Procedia 34 (2013) 637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Suresha S, and Sridhara B K, Mater Des 31 (2010) 1804.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bodunrin M O, Alaneme K K, and Chown L H, J Mater Res Technol 4 (2015) 434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Venkat Prasad S, and Subramanian R, Ind Lubr Tribol 65 (2013) 399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Moorthy A, Natarajan D N, Sivakumar R, and Manojkumar M, Int J Mod Eng Res IJMER 2 (2012) 1224.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Uthayakumar M, Thirumalai kumaran S, and Aravindan S, Adv Tribol 2013 (2013) 365602. Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ramachandra M, and Radhakrishna K, Wear 262 (2007) 1450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shivaprakash Y M, Sreenivasa Prasad K V, and Basavaraj Y, Int J Curr Eng Technol 3 (2013) 911 (ISSN 2277–4106).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Palanisamy S, Ramanathan S, and Rangaraj R, Adv Mech Eng 5 (2013) 658085. Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sudarshan, and Surappa M K, Mater Sci Eng A 480 (2008) 117. Scholar
  26. 26.
    Babu Rao J, Venkata Rao D, Narasimha Murthy I, and Bhargava NRMR, Int J Compos Mater 46 (2011) 1393.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Vivekananthan M, and Senthamarai K, CARE J Appl Res (2011) (ISSN 2321-4090).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ramachandra M, and Radhakrishna K, J. Mater. Sci 40 (2005) 5989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Vijaya Bhaskar K, Subba Rao B, Sundarrajan S, and Ravindra K, SSRG Int J Mech Eng (ICEEMST’17)—Special Issue (2017) 32 ISSN: 2348–8360.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Escalera-Lozano R, Gutiérrez C A, and Pech-Canul M A, Mater Charact 58 (2007) 953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Vijaya Bhaskar K, Sundarrajan S, Gopi Krishna M, and Ravindra K Elsevier Mater Today Proc 4 (2017).
  32. 32.
    Vijaya Bhaskar K, and Kommineni R, Mater Res Express (2017).
  33. 33.
    Umanath K, Palinikumar K, and Selvamani S T, Compos B 53 (2013) 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kiran T S, Prasanna Kumar M, Basavarajappa S, and Viswanatha B M, Mater Des 63 (2014) 294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Baradeswaran A, Elayaperumal A, and Franklin Issac R, Proc Eng 64 (2013) 973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ravindran P, Manisekhar K, Narayanasamy P, Selvakumar N, and Narayanasamy R, Mater Des 39(2012) 42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mathan Kumar N, Senthil Kumaran S, and Kumaraswamidhas L A, Alexandria Eng J 55 (2016) 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Shanmughasundaram Palanisamy P, Acta Metall Sin 22 (2016) 24.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Rao R, and Das S, Mater Des 31 (2010) 1200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Stochowiak G, Batchelor A W, A Text Book on Engineering Tribology, Elsevier Inc., Amsterdam (2005).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Emori N, Oike M, Sasada T, Wear 97, (1984), 291CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringD.A. Government PolytechnicOngoleIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringRVR&JC College of EngineeringGunturIndia
  3. 3.Sri Vishnu Educational SocietyHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations