Investigation of Mechanical Properties and Dry Sliding Wear Behaviour of Squeeze Cast LM6 Aluminium Alloy Reinforced with Copper Coated Short Steel Fibers
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LM6 aluminium alloy with 2.5–10 wt% of copper coated short steel fiber reinforced composites were prepared using squeeze casting process. Microstructure and mechanical properties viz., hardness, tensile strength and ductility were investigated. Dry sliding wear behaviour was tested by considering sliding distance and load. Fracture surface and worn surface were examined using field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). Hardness of composites increased with increasing wt% of fiber. Tensile strength of composites increased up to 19% for 5 wt% fiber composites. Further addition of fibers decreased the tensile strength of composites. Ductility of the composites decreased with the addition of fibers into the matrix. Wt% of fibers significantly decreased the weight loss, coefficient of friction and wear rate. Also the cumulative weight loss decreased up to 57% for 10 wt% of composites compared to LM6 aluminium alloy. Fracture surface of composite tensile specimen showed dimple formation and fiber pullout. Worn surface of matrix showed long continuous grooves due to local delamination on the surface. However, worn surface of composites showed fine and smooth grooves due to ploughing rather than local delamination. Copper coated steel fiber reinforcement in LM6 aluminium alloy exhibited better mechanical properties and wear resistance compared to matrix.
KeywordsLM6 aluminium alloy Steel fiber Squeeze casting Microstructure Tensile strength Wear resistance
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