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On the determination of transportation, range and distribution characteristics of Uranium-238, Thorium-232 and Potassium-40: a critical review


This research presents the theoretical and experimental results in real time and suggests spatial models after reviewing the spatial modelling method, which has an important place in earth sciences. It also reveals the geological and geophysical descriptions of mathematical models, calculations and the ease with which one can interpret the results. U-238, Th-232 and K-40 concentrations are determined in water and bottom sediment samples taken from Keban Lake as a sample study area. The point cumulative semi-variogram (PCSV) method application helps to identify the range, distribution and transport of radionuclide at each sampling station. The well-known semi-variogram (SV) is used in many scientific studies. In this study, the SV methodologies are reviewed leading to the application of the PCSV method for the real-time data. The radionuclide distributions in the lake are revealed by means of ten regional models. In addition, iso-radioactivity maps are obtained to provide an overview of the medium radioactivity with characterizations of the transport, range and distribution of the three radionuclides in the lake.

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(modified from (Journel and Huijbregts 1978))

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modified from Journel and Huijbregts 1978)

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modified from (Journel and Huijbregts 1978))

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(modified from (Journel and Huijbregts 1978))

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This study TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey) was partially supported by the Human Sciences Training Scholarship. The authors would like to thank TUBITAK for their support. We are also grateful to the editorial board and referees who contributed to the development of this article.

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Correspondence to Fatih Külahcı.

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Külahcı, F., Çiçek, Ş. On the determination of transportation, range and distribution characteristics of Uranium-238, Thorium-232 and Potassium-40: a critical review. Environ Earth Sci 78, 721 (2019).

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  • Spatial modelling
  • Radionuclide transport in water
  • Radionuclide range in soil
  • Behaviours of radionuclides in nature