REY geochemistry in groundwater from Paratunka geothermal area (Kamchatka peninsula, Far East of Russia)

  • Ivan V. Bragin
  • Natalia A. Kharitonova
  • George A. Chelnokov
  • Anna V. Aseeva
  • Oleg V. Chudaev
Original Article


New data on geochemistry of the Paratunka deposit of mineral waters—Russian biggest geothermal system is presented in this paper. Studied waters are thermal (T = 45–80 °C), alkaline (ph = 7.9–8.7), belong to Ca–Na Cl–SO4 type with reducing environment (Eh = − 150 to − 180 mV) leading to Ce- (+ 0.31) and Eu- (+ 0.8) anomalies. Evolution of chemical type of thermal water from Na–SO4 to Ca–Cl is discussed from the point of water–rock interaction and marine water intrusion as well. REY concentrations are extremely low due to alkaline pH (∑REY = 25–165 ppt). First reliable data on REY concentration in alkaline thermal water, surrounding river water and suspended matter of these waters gave an opportunity to discuss cerium, europium and yttrium anomalies in terms of sorption/desorption processes and pH/Eh dependencies, confirmed by thermodynamic calculations of the REE migration forms.


Thermal water REY geochemistry Migration forms 



This work was done under support of Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 18-05-00445) and Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (project no. 18-2-003).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Hypergene Processes GeochemistryFar East Geological Institute Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussian Federation
  2. 2.Geological FacultyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussian Federation
  3. 3.Faculty of Geology and GISFar East Federal UniversityVladivostokRussian Federation

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