Porosity and wave velocity evolution of granite after high-temperature treatment: a review

  • Weqiang ZhangEmail author
  • Qiang Sun
  • Yuliang Zhang
  • Lei Xue
  • Fanfan Kong
Original Article


The evolution of porosity and changes in wave velocity in granite after high-temperature treatment has been experimentally investigated in different studies. Statistical analysis of the test results shows that there is a temperature threshold value that leads to variations in porosity and wave velocity. At a temperature that is less than 200 °C, the porosity of granite slowly increases with increases in temperature, while the wave velocity decreases. When the temperature is greater than 200 °C (especially between 400 and 600 °C), the porosity quickly increases, while the wave velocity substantially decreases. The temperature ranges of room temperature to 200 and 200–400 °C correspond to the undamaged state and the micro-damage state, respectively. The results confirm that there is an important link between the variations of physical and mechanical properties in response to thermal treatment. By studying the relationships among rock porosity, wave velocity and temperature, this provides the basis for solving multi-variable coupling problems under high temperatures for the thermal exploitation of petroleum and safe disposal of nuclear waste.


Thermal damage Porosity Wave velocity Micro-mechanism Damage coefficient Critical threshold 



This research was supported by the National Science Foundation of China (no. 41672279), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2011QNA04), State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy (Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS) (no. 173114), General Financial Grant from the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (no. 2017M621872) and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weqiang Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qiang Sun
    • 1
  • Yuliang Zhang
    • 1
  • Lei Xue
    • 2
  • Fanfan Kong
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Resources and GeosciencesChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Engineering Geomechanics, Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and PalaeontologyChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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