Different bedding loaded coal mechanics properties and acoustic emission

  • Jiajia LiuEmail author
  • Ming YangEmail author
  • Dan Wang
  • Junhao Zhang
Original Article


Using TAW-2000KN electro-hydraulic servo rock press machines and the American Physical Acoustics Company’s SH-II acoustic emission systems, experimental studies began to address the mechanical properties in different beddings of loaded coal and the related acoustic emission characteristics, established based on the acoustic emission damage model, and verify the model. The results show that the mechanical properties of different coal sample beddings are distinctive, with maximum uniaxial compressive strength and elastic modulus of vertical stratification of coal samples and the minimum Poisson’s ratio. Thus, the minimum uniaxial compressive strength and elastic modulus of oblique bedding coal samples along with the maximum Poisson’s ratio in the processes of loading result in different bedding coal samples having different stress–strain curves, especially when different bedding coal samples experience the stages of fissure compression, elastic deformation, plastic deformation and instability and destruction. In addition, the displacement proportions of each stage of the loading process have relatively obvious differences: the loading times of vertical, parallel and oblique bedding coal are 495, 382 and 331 s, respectively, and their acoustic emission mutation points of peak stress are approximately 60, 41 and 33%, respectively. Thus, we can use the mutation point as precursor information to estimate the damage intensity in different bedding seams. The theoretical and experimental stress–strain curves obtained by the coal damage model are basically identical, verifying the reliability of the model and reflecting the feasibility of acoustic emission technology in the study of coal damage. The results can effectively forecast coal and gas outburst hazard in coal mines, especially highly gassy and outburst mines. It can also make comprehensive predictions for flooding accidents, roof fall accidents and other disasters, and provide valuable evacuation time for underground coal mine workers. The results are of great scientific significance in safeguarding the safety of coal mines.


Different bedding Mechanical properties Stress–strain Acoustic emission 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51604101; 51704099; 51734007), the State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Gas Geology and Gas Control (Henan Polytechnic University) (WS2017B06), the Doctoral Fund of Henan Polytechnic University (Grant no. B2018-59), and the Open Research Fund of State and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Gas Drainage & Ground Control of Deep Mines (Henan Polytechnic University) (G201608).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base for Gas Geology and Gas ControlHenan Polytechnic UniversityJiaozuoChina
  2. 2.State and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Gas Drainage and Ground Control of Deep MinesHenan Polytechnic UniversityJiaozuoChina
  3. 3.School of Safety Science and EngineeringHenan Polytechnic UniversityJiaozuoChina
  4. 4.School of Safety EngineeringHeilongjiang University of Science and TechnologyHarbinChina

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