Laboratory investigations of inert gas flow behaviors in compact sandstone

  • Chaojun Jia
  • Weiya Xu
  • Huanling Wang
  • Wei Wang
  • Jun Yu
  • Zhinan Lin
Original Article


The seepage evolution behavior of compact rock is significant for the stability and safety of many engineering applications. In this research, both hydrostatic and triaxial compression tests were conducted on compact sandstone using an inert gas, namely argon. A triaxial compression test with a water permeability measurement was carried out to study the difference between the gas permeability and water permeability evolutions during the complete stress–strain process. Based on the experimental data, the hydrostatic stress-dependent gas permeability was discussed firstly. A second-order function was proposed to predict and explain the gas slippage effect. The mechanical properties and crack development of the sandstone samples were discussed to better understand the permeability evolution with crack growth during the complete stress–strain process. The results show that the gas permeability evolution can be divided into five stages according to the different crack growth stages. Then, the permeability changes in the crack closure stress \( \sigma_{\text{cc}} \), crack initiation stress \( \sigma_{\text{ci}} \), crack damage stress \( \sigma_{\text{cd}} \) and peak stress \( \sigma_{\text{p}} \) with confining pressures were analyzed. Finally, we found that the difference between the corrected gas permeability and water permeability can be attributed to the interaction between the water and sandstone grains.


Compact sandstone Inert gas Permeability Slippage effect Triaxial compaction Hydrostatic compression 



This work presented in this paper was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11172090, 11572110, 11672343), and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. BK2012809). We thank AJE ( for its linguistic assistance during the preparation of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Geotechnical EngineeringHohai UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Coastal Disaster and Defense, Ministry of EducationHohai UniversityNanjingChina

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