Landfill site selection using combination of fuzzy logic and multi-attribute decision-making approach

  • Ahmad Jamshidi-ZanjaniEmail author
  • Majid Rezaei
Original Article


During the last decades, growth of urbanization and industrialization led to an increase in solid waste generation. Landfilling is the most prevalent ultimate disposal method for the municipal solid wastes in developing countries. The rapid municipal solid waste generation in Markazi province (central part of Iran) causes the need for precision in finding a suitable landfill site selection. In the present study, 12 factors (environmental and socioeconomic factors) have been applied to select the landfill site in Markazi province, Iran. The different methods including the analytic network process (ANP) combined with fuzzy linguistic quantifier, ordered weighted average (OWA), and weighted linear combination (WLC) approach in geographic information system was applied to find an appropriate landfill site. The OWA operator function permits the evaluation of the wide spectrum of consequences (with different scenario) obtained from different management strategies. Results revealed that integration of fuzzy logic, ANP, and OWA provides flexible and better ideas compared to the Boolean logic and WLC to select a suitable landfill site.


Landfill site selection Ordered-Weighted Average Analytic Network Process Geographic information systems Multi-attribute decision-making 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mining, Faculty of EngineeringTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran

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