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Environmental Earth Sciences

, 76:180 | Cite as

Effect of agrochemicals on macroinvertebrate assemblages in Pampasic streams, Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • Marina SolisEmail author
  • Hernán Mugni
  • Silvia Fanelli
  • Carlos Bonetto
Original Article

Abstract

Agricultural practices have been intensified in recent decades in Argentina. The Pampa plain is the main agricultural region of the country. The effect of increased application of agrochemicals on the invertebrate fauna of the Pampasic streams remains unreported. In the present study, we compared the abundance and composition of invertebrate assemblages in seven Pampasic streams with contrasting soil use in their basins. Two streams run through intensively cropped plots, two drain basins with livestock fields, while the other three are located within a biosphere Reserve. Higher nutrient and insecticide concentrations were measured in the streams draining cropped basins, related with pesticide applications and crop fertilization. The invertebrate assemblage composition of the cropped streams differed significantly from the others and between the two. Present evidence suggests that the impact of agrochemicals results in a change in composition with decreased abundance or absence of sensitive species such as Hyalellidae, Caenidae, Baetidae and Curculionidae and increased abundance of more tolerant taxa: Ostracoda, Glossiphoniidae (Hirudinea), Ancylidae (Gundlanchia), Ampullariidae (Pomacea canaliculata), Sphaeriidae and Dugesiidae. Available information suggests that macrophyte cover and composition also influence the invertebrate assemblages of the Pampasic streams.

Keywords

Macroinvertebrate assemblages Pampasic streams Pesticides Nutrients Soil use 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the reviewers and the editor for their valuable comments and suggestions. This study was supported by grants from the Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica, Argentina; (PICT 2010-0446) and the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, CONICET, Argentina; (PIP 2011 N° 0180).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina Solis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hernán Mugni
    • 1
  • Silvia Fanelli
    • 1
  • Carlos Bonetto
    • 1
  1. 1.ILPLA (Instituto de Limnología “Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet”), UNLP, CONICET, FCNyMLa PlataArgentina

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