Environmental Earth Sciences

, 76:176 | Cite as

Impacts of land use change and groundwater management on long-term nitrate-nitrogen and chloride trends in groundwater of Jeju Island, Korea

  • Eun-Hee Koh
  • Seung Hyun Lee
  • Dugin Kaown
  • Hee Sun Moon
  • Eunhee Lee
  • Kang-Kun LeeEmail author
  • Bong-Rae Kang
Original Article


Impacts of land use changes and groundwater management actions on groundwater quality were evaluated at the island scale with spatiotemporal trends of NO3-N and Cl concentrations in groundwater of Jeju Island, Korea. The temporal trends from 1993 to 2012 in the concentrations of NO3-N and Cl from more than 3900 wells were estimated using the Mann–Kendall trend test and Sen’s slope analysis and compared with the land use change trend for the period 1995–2009. The results indicate that the upward trends in NO3-N were associated with the expansion of agricultural lands, whereas Cl trends were considered to be affected by other factors in addition to the land use changes. In the mid-mountainous region, the deterioration in the groundwater quality by the both NO3-N and Cl was expected due to the continuous expansion of agricultural lands. In the lowland area, the NO3-N and Cl components showed different trends depending on the regions. In the eastern area, increasing trends in NO3-N were observed due to the development of new agricultural areas, while the Cl concentration was observed to decrease as a result of the regulation on groundwater extraction to reduce seawater intrusion. Our study highlights that a comprehensive interpretation of trends in NO3-N and Cl and land use changes for long-term periods can provide useful insights to prepare for suitable groundwater management plans in the whole island perspective.


Jeju Island Nitrate-nitrogen Chloride Trends Groundwater management Land use changes 



Electrical conductivity


Maximum contaminant level



This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF2015R1A1A3A04061438) and the research project of “Advanced Technology for Groundwater Development and Application in Riversides (Geowater+)” in “Water Resources Management program (code 11 Technology Innovation C05)” of the MOLIT and the KAIA in Korea.

Supplementary material

12665_2017_6466_MOESM1_ESM.doc (132 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 132 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eun-Hee Koh
    • 1
  • Seung Hyun Lee
    • 2
  • Dugin Kaown
    • 1
  • Hee Sun Moon
    • 3
  • Eunhee Lee
    • 3
  • Kang-Kun Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bong-Rae Kang
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Earth and Environmental SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Korea Polar Research InstituteIncheonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Korea Institute for Geoscience and Mineral ResourcesDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Jeju Development InstituteJeju-CityRepublic of Korea

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