Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 74, Issue 6, pp 4853–4863 | Cite as

Seismic response and permanent displacement of landfills with liner interfaces and various foundation types

  • Shi-Jin Feng
  • Yang Shen
  • Run-Qiu Huang
  • Dong-Po Li
Original Article


The slip displacement along liner systems and the seismic responses of geo-structures significantly impact the seismic design of municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills. The influences of various factors, such as local underlying foundation conditions, the properties of the MSW, the properties of the foundation soils, and the shear strength of the liner interface, should be considered. In this paper, a preliminary single-degree-of-freedom model was developed to analyze the slip potential. This model demonstrated that the type of foundation significantly affects the seismic response of a landfill. A 2-D time-domain finite difference model was established, and the seismic responses and displacements were calculated for three different foundation types. In addition, the nonlinearity of the MSW and the underlying soil were considered by applying the equivalent linear procedure. The calculated results show that the slip along the liner interface exhibits two different modes: slip–stick and slip–slip. Furthermore, the shear strength of the interface and the foundation type significantly influence the overall seismic responses and the slip displacements of the landfills. Additionally, greater interface shear strengths may effectively reduce the slip displacement.


Landfill Seismic response Permanent displacement Linear interface 



Much of the work described in this paper was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 41072201, 41172245 and 4122021; the National Key Basic Research and Development Program (973 plan) under Grant No. 2012CB719803; and the Shanghai Pujiang Talent Plan Funded Projects under Grant No. 11PJD021. The authors would like to acknowledge all of these sources of financial support and express sincere gratitude.


  1. Arab MG, Jr. Kavazanjian E, Matasovic N (2010) Nonlinear time-domain analysis of a sliding block on a plane. Proceedings of the 5th international conference on recent advances in geotechnical earthquake engineering and soil dynamics, San Diego, Paper 4.08Google Scholar
  2. Augello AJ, Matasovic N, Bray JD, Kavazanjian E, Seed RB (1995) Evaluation of solid waste landfill performance during the Northridge earthquake, Conference Proceeding of earthquake design and performance of solid waste landfills, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Bray JD, Rathje EM (1998) Earthquake-induced displacements of solid-waste landfills. J Geotech Geoenviron 124:242–253. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1998)124:3(242) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chopra AK, Zhang L (1991) Base sliding response of concrete gravity dams to earthquakes. University of California, Berkeley. Earthquake Engineering Research CenterGoogle Scholar
  5. Council E (1999) On the landfill of waste-Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999Google Scholar
  6. De A, Zimmie TF (1998) Estimation of dynamic interfacial properties of geosynthetics. Geosynth Int 1–2:17–39Google Scholar
  7. Environmental Protection Agency US (1993) MSW landfill criteria technical manual–Subpart D Design CriteriaGoogle Scholar
  8. Feng SJ, Chen YM, Kong XJ, Zou DG (2005) Experimental research on dynamic properties of municipal solid waste. Chin J Geotech Eng 27:750–754 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  9. Hillman RP, Stark TD (2001) Shear strength characteristics of PVC geomembrane–geosynthetic interfaces. Geosynth Int 2:135–162. doi: 10.1680/gein.8.0190 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Iura M, Matsui K, Kosaka I (1992) Analytical expressions for three different modes in harmonic motion of sliding structures. Earthq Eng Struct D 21:757–769. doi: 10.1002/eqe.4290210902 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jones DRV, Dixon N (1998) Shear strength properties of geomembrane/geotextile interfaces. Geotext Geomembranes 16:45–71. doi: 10.1016/S0266-1144(97)10022-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Koerner RM, Soong TY (2000) Leachate in landfills: the stability issues. Geotext Geomembranes 18(5):293–309. doi: 10.1016/S0266-1144(99)00034-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Koerner RM, Martin JP, Koerner GR (1986) Shear strength parameters between geomembranes and cohesive soils. Geotext Geomembr 4:21–30. doi: 10.1016/026-1144(86)90034-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Makdisi FI, Seed HB (1977) Simplified procedure for estimating dam and embankment earthquake-induced deformations. Proceedings of the national symposium on soil erosion and sediment by water, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  15. Matasovic N Jr, Kavazanjian E (1998) Cyclic characterization of OII landfill solid waste. J Geotech Geoenviron 124:197–210. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1998)124:3(197) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mostanghel N, Hejazi M, Tanbakuchi J (1983) Response of sliding structures to harmonic support motion. Earthquake Eng Struct Dynam 11:355–366. doi: 10.1002/eqe.4290110305 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Newmark NM (1965) Effects of earthquakes on dams and embankments. Geotechnique 15:139–160. doi: 10.1680/geot.1965.15.2.139 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pitanga HN, Gourc J, Vilar OM (2009) Interface shear strength of geosynthetics: evaluation and analysis of inclined plane tests. Geotext Geomembr 27:435–446. doi: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2009.05.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Psarropoulos PN, Tsompanakis Y, Karabatsos Y (2007) Effects of local site conditions on the seismic response of municipal solid waste landfills. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 27:553–563. doi: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2006.10.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rathje EM, Bray JD (2000) Nonlinear coupled seismic sliding analysis of earth structures. J Geotech Geoenviron 126:1002–1014. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241:3(242)(2000)126:11(1002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rathje EM, Bray JD (2001) One and two dimensional seismic analysis of solid-waste landfills. Can Geotech J 4:850–862. doi: 10.1139/cgj-38-4-850 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rowe RK (2005) Long-term performance of contaminant barrier systems. Geotechnique 55:631–678. doi: 10.1680/geot.2005.55.9.631 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Seed HB, Idriss IM (1970) Soil Moduli and damping factors for the dynamic response analysis. Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  24. Stark TD, Williamson TA, Eid HT (1996) HDPE geomembrane/geotextile interface shear strength. J Geotech Eng 3:197–203. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)-9410(1996)122:3(197) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Vucetic M, Dobry R (1991) Effect of soil plasticity on cyclic response. J Geotech Eng 117:89–117. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1991)117:1(89) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Westermo B, Udwadia F (1983) Periodic response of a sliding oscillator system to harmonic excitation. Earthq Eng Struct D 11:135–146. doi: 10.1002/eqe.4290110111 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wu W, Wick H, Ferstl F, Aschauer F (2008) A tilt table device for testing geosynthetic interfaces in centrifuge. Geotext Geomembranes 26:31–38. doi: 10.1016/j.geotexmem2007.03.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yegian MK, Lahlaf AM (1992) Dynamic interface shear strength properties of geomembranes and geotextiles. J Geotech Eng 118:760–779. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1992)118:5(760) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zania V, Tsompanakis Y, Psarropoulos PN (2008) Seismic distress and slope instability of municipal solid waste landfills. J Earthq Eng 12:312–340. doi: 10.1080/13632460701574605 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zania V, Tsompanakis Y, Psarropoulos PN (2010) Seismic displacements of landfills and deformation of geosynthetics due to base sliding. Geotext Geomembr 28(6):491–502. doi: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2009.12.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shi-Jin Feng
    • 1
  • Yang Shen
    • 1
  • Run-Qiu Huang
    • 2
  • Dong-Po Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Geotechnical EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Geo-Hazard Prevention and Geo-Environment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina

Personalised recommendations