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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 74, Issue 3, pp 1957–1968 | Cite as

Inventory of nival-glacial geosystems in Lake Baikal area (East Siberia, Russia)

  • E. N. IvanovEmail author
  • V. M. Plyusnin
  • A. D. Kitov
  • S. N. Kovalenko
  • I. V. Balyazin
  • A. P. Sofronov
Thematic Issue

Abstract

Glaciers in Lake Baikal Area were plotted on topographic and tourist maps, but often big perennial snow patches were designated as glaciers. A special study of these entities to classify them in one group or another was necessary. Recently published data of remote sensing (satellite images) of high resolution allow distinguishing a variety of snow and ice objects (accurate to 0.5 m). In identifying sustainable nival-glacial formations it was necessary to measure the characteristic parameters of these objects and their boundaries using topographic maps, satellite images, and GPS devices. The GIS project and the database of nival-glacial formations for the quantitative analysis of the accumulated information have been created. The glaciers of mountain ridges of East Siberia significantly reduced in thickness for the last decades, and their abrupt degradation is manifested in the last 5–10 years. The main glaciers of the Barguzinskiy ridge decreases with 0.002 km2 year−1 that is comparable with the reduction rate of the glaciers of the Eastern Sayan ridge, but is less than of the representative of the Kodar ridge the Azarovoy glacier.

Keywords

Barguzinskiy ridge Baikalskiy ridge Database Glaciers Lake Baikal Nival-glacial formations Satellite images 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. N. Ivanov
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • V. M. Plyusnin
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. D. Kitov
    • 1
  • S. N. Kovalenko
    • 2
  • I. V. Balyazin
    • 1
  • A. P. Sofronov
    • 1
  1. 1.Geomorphological LaboratoryV.B. Sochava Institute of Geography Siberian Branch Russian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Natural-geography facultyEast-Siberian State Academy of EducationIrkutskRussia

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