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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 74, Issue 3, pp 2055–2063 | Cite as

Impact of glacier changes on ecosystem of proglacial lakes in high mountain regions of East Siberia (Russia)

  • S. S. VorobyevaEmail author
  • V. A. Trunova
  • O. G. Stepanova
  • V. V. Zvereva
  • S. K. Petrovskii
  • M. S. Melgunov
  • T. O. Zheleznyakova
  • L. G. Chechetkina
  • A. P. Fedotov
Thematic Issue

Abstract

Mountain lakes in East Siberia have been studied for recent changes in water chemistry, turbidity and diatom assemblages preserved in bottom sediments. We performed a regional analysis of the relative effect of climate and glacier changes on change in diatom diversity and supply of meltware in proglacial lakes. We analysed sediment records from East Siberian glacier lakes using geochemical and diatoms proxies. We found that dramatic changes in communities and abundance of diatoms and biogenic proxy could be induced by low nutrient concentrations in glacial lakes and high turbidity due to active degradation of glaciers and snow patches as a result of the global increase in temperature in the Northern Hemisphere. Our evidences show that diatoms have been gradually decreased since ca. the 1880s. A significant tendency towards diatom reducing occurred at high summer regional temperatures. This tendency may be attributed to the fact that glaciers and snow patches thawed actively in East Siberia during ca. 1880–1958, which was induced by the beginning of the Recent Warming (ca. 1850–1860) and a long period of relatively warm regional climate from ca. 1900 to 1960.

Keywords

Diatoms Bottom sediments Glaciers Glacier flour East Sayan Kodar East Siberia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Enushchenko I. V. (LIN SB RAS)., Isaev V. A., Rogov M. A. and Nikishin C. V. (SNR «Vitimsky») who took part in the coring campaign at Lake Oron in 2013. This study was supported by the Program of the FANO No. VIII.76.1.6, IP SB RAS No, 50, RFBR-13-05-0022.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. S. Vorobyeva
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. A. Trunova
    • 2
  • O. G. Stepanova
    • 1
  • V. V. Zvereva
    • 2
  • S. K. Petrovskii
    • 1
  • M. S. Melgunov
    • 3
  • T. O. Zheleznyakova
    • 1
  • L. G. Chechetkina
    • 4
  • A. P. Fedotov
    • 1
  1. 1.Limnological Institute of the Siberian Branch of RASIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of the Siberian Branch of RASNovosibirskRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Geology and Mineralogy of the Siberian Branch of RASNovosibirskRussia
  4. 4.Vitimsky State Natural ReserveBodayboRussia

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