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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 73, Issue 12, pp 8387–8404 | Cite as

Improved monitoring of urbanization processes in China for regional climate impact assessment

  • Yonghong Hu
  • Gensuo Jia
  • Christine Pohl
  • Qiang Feng
  • Yuting He
  • Hao Gao
  • Ronghan Xu
  • John van Genderen
  • Jinming Feng
Original Article

Abstract

Regional climate is influenced by land surface processes through energy exchange between land and atmosphere at various scales. The performance of climate model simulation is largely influenced by land cover parameterization, especially over areas that experience rapid change of land surface characterization. Accurate land cover datasets suited for climate modeling are urgently needed to improve model parameterization for better simulation. In this study, fused urban land cover datasets have been developed by combining multi-source urban land cover products based on cross-comparison and detailed validation from medium resolution images during recent decades. Fractional cover values at different spatial scales were aggregated from integrated land cover datasets to derive improved estimates of the urban extent of big cities in China. Urbanization in China as captured by the new dataset can be divided into steadily and rapidly increasing periods with the urban area increasing by 2.5 and 6.7 % per year, respectively. Rapid urbanization mostly happens in the urban fringe, especially in eastern China, with mass conversion of cropland and woodland to urban land. An improvement in climate model simulation could be achieved using the fused data applied in climate modeling for examining the impact of rapid urbanization on the regional climate.

Keywords

Climate change Urbanization Land cover Remote sensing Feature fusion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by CAS Strategic Priority Research Program (XDA05090200) and the National Basic Research Program of China (2009 CB723904). We thank Dr. Deming Zhao, Dr. Liang Chen, and Mr. Jun Wang for their comments during the application tests for the climate models.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yonghong Hu
    • 1
  • Gensuo Jia
    • 2
  • Christine Pohl
    • 3
  • Qiang Feng
    • 1
  • Yuting He
    • 2
  • Hao Gao
    • 4
  • Ronghan Xu
    • 2
  • John van Genderen
    • 5
  • Jinming Feng
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital EarthChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for East Asia, Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Geospatial Science and TechnologyUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia
  4. 4.National Satellite Meteorological CenterChina Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina
  5. 5.Geospatial Information Science Research CentreFaculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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