Evolution of geothermal systems around the Red Sea

Abstract

The current thermal regime around the red Sea was initiated by a mantle plume beneath Ethiopia, Eretria, Yemen and SW of Saudi Arabia at about 31 Ma before the present. The evolution of the geothermal systems around the Red Sea is coeval to the initial onset of volcanism over the separated land masses (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Yemen, Saudi Arabia and Egypt at 14 Ma. The entire tectono-magmatic activities around the Red Sea gave rise to several geothermal provinces over the continents surrounding the Red Sea, represented by thermal springs and fumaroles at several locations in Eretria, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Yemen and Saudi Arabia. These countries have the potential to develop these resources, like Ethiopia, to mitigate CO2 emissions in countries like Saudi Arabia and to enhance the GDP (gross domestic product) of the economically backward countries. The geothermal resources have the potential to make these countries energy independent in future.

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Acknowledgments

The authors extend their appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for funding the work through the research group project No. RGP VPP-122. We are extremely thankful to one of the reviewers who meticulously reviewed the MS with constructive comments.

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Chandrasekharam, D., Lashin, A., Al Arifi, N. et al. Evolution of geothermal systems around the Red Sea. Environ Earth Sci 73, 4215–4236 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3710-y

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Keywords

  • Red Sea rift
  • CO2
  • Erta Ale
  • L. Abhe
  • Afar
  • Harrats
  • Suez Gulf