Skip to main content
Log in

Treatment of an ECF bleaching effluent with white-rot fungi in an air-lift bioreactor

  • Original Article
  • Published:
Environmental Earth Sciences Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Pulp and paper mills utilise huge amount of natural resources, inorganic and organic materials along with large volume of water in different stages of paper manufacturing, resulting in a significant volume of effluents. The aim of this work was to investigate the treatment of a bleaching effluent [effluent chlorine free (ECF)] from the cellulose industry with white-rot fungi in an air-lift bioreactor. This effluent was submitted to the biological treatment with three white-rot fungi, and, every 24 h for 120 h, analytical tests were performed to analyse the quality parameters of treatment (COD, phenols, colour, pH). Before and after treatment, the effluent was analysed as its molecular mass distribution and absorptivity in the UV/VIS. Lentinus edodes, Trametes versicolor and Trametes villosa promoted similarly significant reductions in the following characteristics: (a) effluent colour (40–44 %), (b) total phenol (30–51 %) and (c) COD (37–43 %). The UV/visible spectrometry reading of the effluent after the fungi treatment showed a reduction in the absorbance of all wavelengths between 260 and 500 nm. The size exclusion HPLC profile of the effluent was modified, and the treatment promoted changes in the intensity of the peaks associated with compounds of high and low molecular weight. Phenoloxidases were produced during the treatment. T. versicolor produced the highest levels of laccase, and L. edodes was the only fungus that produced peroxidases.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • APHA (1989) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 17th edn. American Public Health Association, New York

  • Asgher M, Azim N, Bhatti HN (2009) Decolorization of practical textile industry effluents by white rot fungus Coriolus versicolor IBL-04. Biochem Eng J 47:61–65

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Barreto M, Souza JVB, Silva ES, Silva FT, Paiva TCB (2009) Combined photocatalytic and fungal processes for the treatment of nitrocellulose industry wastewater. J Hazard Mater 161:1569–1573

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Contreras D, Freera J, Rodrıguez J (2006) Veratryl alcohol degradation by a catechol-driven Fenton reaction as lignin oxidation by brown-rot fungi model. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 57:63–68

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • CPPA (1975) Technical Section Standard Method H5P. Canadian Pulp and Paper Association, Montreal, Canada

  • Esposito E (1995) Tratamento biológico de efluentes: parâmetros ótimos na utilização de um biorreator de leito recheado modificado, PhD Thesis, Campinas University (UNICAMP)

  • Freitas AC, Ferreira F, Costa AM, Pereira R, Antunes SC, Gonçalves F, Rocha-Santos TAP, Diniz MS, Castro L, Peres I, Duarte AC (2009) Biological treatment of the effluent from a bleached kraft pulp mill using basidiomycete and zygomycete fungi. Sci Total Environ 407:3282–3289

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Malaviya P, Rathore VS (2007) Bioremediation of pulp and paper mill effluent by a novel fungal consortium isolated from polluted soil. Bioresour Technol 98:3647–3651

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Modi DR, Chandra H, Garg SK (1998) Decolorization of bagasse based paper mill effluent by the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor. Bioresour Technol 66:9–81

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Silva ES, Souza JVB, Paiva TCB (2002) Atividade de enzimas lignolíticas de Trametes villosa CCT5567 durante o tratamento biológico de um efluente de branqueamento. In: V Seminário Brasileiro de Enzimologia, Brazil, p 159

  • Singh P, Thakur IS (2006) Colour removal of anaerobically treated pulp and paper mill effluent by microorganisms in two steps bioreactor. Bioresour Technol 97:218–223

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Singhal A, Thakur IS (2009) Decolourization and detoxification of pulp and paper mill effluent by Emericella nidulans var. nidulans. J Hazard Mater 171:619–625

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Souza JVB, Silva JPA, Barreto M, Paiva TCB, Silva ES, Silva FT (2004) Treatment of a delignification effluent with Aspergillus 2BNL1 and optimization of biomass production. J Food Agric Environ 2:391–394

    Google Scholar 

  • Souza JVB, Silva ES, Silva FT, Paiva TCB (2005) Fungal treatment of a delignification effluent from a nitrocellulose industry. Bioresour Technol 96:1936–1942

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wu J, Xiao Y-Z, Yu H-Q (2005) Degradation of lignin in pulp mill wastewaters by white-rot fungi on biofilm. Bioresour Technol 96:1357–1363

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to CAPES/PICDT, FAPESP and SCTDE/SP for financial support. We also thank Lúcia A. B. A. Castro and Maria Eunice Machado for technical assistance.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to João V. B. Souza.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Souza, É.S., Souza, J.V.B., Silva, F.T. et al. Treatment of an ECF bleaching effluent with white-rot fungi in an air-lift bioreactor. Environ Earth Sci 72, 1289–1294 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3048-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3048-5

Keywords

Navigation