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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 3–11 | Cite as

First outcomes in the definition of groundwater protection zones at the Viñales National Park (Cuba) and surrounding area

  • H. FarfánEmail author
  • J. L. Corvea
  • I. de Bustamante
Special Issue

Abstract

Due to the existence of several pollution hazards in the area and its surroundings, groundwater protection in the Viñales National Park has been defined as a priority task in its management plan for 5 years (2009–2013). Those hazards affect directly the surface waters and the karst nature of the territory allowing the contaminants to enter directly into the aquifers without any or at least small self-depuration processes. In turn, those processes can affect very large areas in a short time. In this paper several results of precedent studies related to the vulnerability, hazards, risk, and the mapping of the spatial variability of natural recharge are integrated in a GIS analysis. The methodology is based on the method of Jimenez-Madrid et al. which is slightly modified in this contribution. The analysis of hydrographs, chemographs, mathematical models and tracer tests is necessary for the definition of a response plan against any contamination events and for model validation, together with the incorporation of data related to the energetic responses from the aquifer systems to external forcing.

Keywords

Viñales National Park Karst aquifers Risk mapping Recharge mapping Groundwater protection zones 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The results were achieved due to the activities supported by the Management Plan of National Park Viñales, specially the investigation programs: “Hydrogeology and vulnerability of karst aquifers in the National Park Viñales” and “Integrated studies of physical environment for implementation of treatment residual water systems in communities of National Park Viñales”; this last, is in coordination with the University of Alcalá and IMDEA water Foundation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Viñales National ParkECOVIDA-CITMAViñalesCuba
  2. 2.IMDEA Water FoundationAlcalá de HenaresSpain

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