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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 67–76 | Cite as

Groundwater–wetlands interaction in coastal lagoon of Almería (SE Spain)

  • Francisco Sánchez-MartosEmail author
  • Luis Molina-Sánchez
  • Juan Gisbert-Gallego
Special Issue

Abstract

Water resources management in coastal wetlands requires the degree of interdependence between groundwater and terrestrial ecosystems to be known. This is especially so in semiarid areas where surface inflows are restricted, marine influence is marked and the evaporation rate is high. Thus, chemistry of surface waters is very variable in the Cerrillos-Punta Entinas wetlands system. Using classical hydrogeochemical tools, the main processes that favor a diversity of water types were described, related to: presence of salt deposits on the lagoon beds, marine origin of the water, and local influence of groundwater. All these factors make it difficult to establish what reference conditions should be used to define “good” water quality of the surface waters—as required by the Water framework directive—and to understand the influence of groundwater on these coastal wetlands. Knowledge about the influence of the different interaction of these factors on the hydrogeochemical dynamics is required for the sustainable management of this protected natural site.

Keywords

Coastal wetlands Brines Groundwater-dependent ecosystems Groundwater–surface water interaction 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Mariano Paracuellos (Empresa de Gestión Medio Ambiental, SA) for providing data about the wetlands and would also like to thank the referees for their revisions and suggestions to improve this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco Sánchez-Martos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luis Molina-Sánchez
    • 1
  • Juan Gisbert-Gallego
    • 1
  1. 1.G.I. Recursos Hídricos y Geología AmbientalUniversity of AlmeríaAlmeríaSpain

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