Advertisement

Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 13–21 | Cite as

Technical, financial and location criteria for the design of land application system treatment

  • Juana María Sanz
  • Ángel de Miguel
  • Irene de Bustamante
  • Alberto de Tomás
  • José Luis Goy
Special Issue

Abstract

Conventional water treatments when downsized to cover the demands of small and scattered populations are costly and ineffective. In fact, many small towns cannot afford the high average treatment costs nor provide the skill and complex management requirements. Even when these facilities are available, waste water might not be properly treated. Land application system treatments (LAST) have been shown to be preferable on the basis of their technical effectiveness and financial viability. The recently approved Spanish regulations (RDL 1620/2007, pp 50369–50661) represent an opportunity for the implementation of well-designed LASTs. This paper presents an assessment methodology for the design of LASTs by combining technical, financial and location criteria. The method is applied to the design of LASTs to cover the water disposal demand of twelve municipalities located within the protected natural landscape, and surrounding areas of ‘El Rebollar’, Salamanca, Spain.

Keywords

Land application system treatment Protected areas Comprehensive management Water reuse 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Projects REAGUAM (Ref. CGL2009-13168-C03-01) and CONSOLIDER TRAGUA (Ref. CSD2006-0044) form Spanish Science and Innovation Ministry. Project SA041A08 from Junta de Castilla and León (Spain) and project 463AC01 from the University of Salamanca (Spain).

References

  1. Blaney F, Criddle WD (1950) Determining water requirements in irrigated areas from climatological and irrigation data, vol. 96. U. S. S. C. ServiceGoogle Scholar
  2. CEE/91/271 (21 May 1991) Council Directive. Official Journal of the European Communities, 30th May 1991, No L135/40Google Scholar
  3. Crites RW, Reed SC, Bastian R (2000) Land treatment systems for municipal and industrial wastes. McGraw-Hill Professional Engineering, New York, p 536Google Scholar
  4. De Bustamante I, Dorado M, Vera S, Oliveros C (1998) Filtros verdes. Un sistema para la depuración y reutilización de aguas residuales. Tecnoambiente 79:73–75Google Scholar
  5. De Bustamante I, Mateos J, Tomas A, Dorado M, Sanz J, Vera S (2000) Filtros verdes: a system of wastewater purification and reuse. 1st Word Water Congress of the IWA. CDROM ISBN: 2-9515416-0-0, EAN:9782951541603. Paris, FranceGoogle Scholar
  6. De Bustamante I, Alpuente J, Sanz García JM, López Espí P, Dorado Valiño M, López Ferreras F, Roquero E (2001) Nueva metodología de diseño, control y gestión de filtros verdes. Aplicación a sistemas en funcionamiento. Hidrogeología y Recursos Hidráulico. T-XXIV:585–594. AEH (Spanish Association of Hidrogeologist), Murcia, SpainGoogle Scholar
  7. De Bustamante I, Lillo J, García E, De Miguel A, Martínez F, Sanz JM, Corvea JL (2009) A comparison of different methodologies for land application systems: application to Redueña`s WWTP. Desalination Water Treat 4:98–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Esteban V, Casquet E (2005) Optimum financial time to introduce the tax in the analysis. Application to the Castile and Leon poplar. Investigaciones agrarias: sistemas y recursos forestales 14:122–136Google Scholar
  9. Fernández A, Henanz G (2004) Poplar: sustainable forest management manual. Counselling of Castile and León, SpainGoogle Scholar
  10. INE (2008) Survey water supply and sanitation. National Statistical Institute, SpainGoogle Scholar
  11. INE (2009) Municipal census. National Statistical Institute, SpainGoogle Scholar
  12. Mahmood B, Wall GL, Russell JM (2003) A physical model to make short-term management decisions at effluent-irrigated land treatment system. Agric Water Manag 58:55–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Martinez Coll J (2001) Manual básico de Economía EMVI. La economía de mercado: virtudes e inconvenientes. Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, EspañaGoogle Scholar
  14. Metcalf and Eddy (2002) Wastewater engineering. Treatment and reuse, 4th edn. McGraw Hill, USAGoogle Scholar
  15. RDL 1620/2007, del 7 de Diciembre, Ministerio de la Presidencia Boletín Oficial del Estado, 8th December, pp 50369–50661, SpainGoogle Scholar
  16. RDL 849/1986, del 11 de Abril, Ministerio de la Presidencia. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 30th April, pp 15500–1553, SpainGoogle Scholar
  17. Zhou Q, Zhang Q, Sun T (2006) Technical innovation of land treatment systems for municipal wastewater in northeast china. Pedosphere 16(3):297–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juana María Sanz
    • 1
  • Ángel de Miguel
    • 1
  • Irene de Bustamante
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alberto de Tomás
    • 1
  • José Luis Goy
    • 3
  1. 1.iMdea Water Foundation, c/Punto NetAlcalá de HenaresSpain
  2. 2.Dpto. Geología, Facultad de CienciasAlcalá UniversityAlcalá de HenaresSpain
  3. 3.Dpto. Geología, Facultad CienciasSalamanca UniversitySalamancaSpain

Personalised recommendations