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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 71, Issue 5, pp 2087–2094 | Cite as

Factors influencing methane-derived authigenic carbonate formation at cold seep from southwestern Dongsha area in the northern South China Sea

  • Shuhong Wang
  • Wen YanEmail author
  • Vitor H. Magalhães
  • Zhong Chen
  • Luis M. Pinheiro
  • Nikolaus Gussone
Original Article

Abstract

This paper carried out mineral and geochemical studies on a profile through a diagenetic methane-derived authigenic carbonate sample that was collected from southwestern Dongsha area of the northern South China Sea. Five samples locating in the cross-sectional middle mainly consist of dolomite and quartz, and two samples close to the surface have a small amount of Mg-calcite. The δ13C values of the samples vary between −30.59 and −0.30 % VPDB, with δ18O values ranging from 3.07 to 3.59 % VPDB, δ44/40Ca values ranging from 1.35 to 1.47 % SRM915a, indicating a contribution of methane to the carbon pool where the precipitation of authigenic carbonates occurred. Based on the isotope values alone, it can not be distinguished if the carbon source is thermogenic gas or a mixture of biogenic methane and marine dissolved inorganic carbon. The δ18O values are in general consistent with dolomite precipitation from a fluid similar to present seawater. The observed small variation might be related to the oxygen isotope composition of seep fluid. The relative small range in calcium isotope values suggests that relatively constant growth conditions and precipitation from seawater. The central part of the carbonate nodule formed under the strong influence of methane seepage, and the external part is less influenced by methane, either due to reduced methane flux to the surface or caused by erosional exhumation of the carbonate nodule from greater depth to the sediment surface.

Keywords

Methane-derived authigenic carbonate Cold seep Stable carbon and calcium isotope Northern South China Sea 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KZCX2-YW-GJ03-01), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41276050, 41176052), the Scientific and Technology Program of Guangdong Province (2011A080403021), the National Basic Research Program of China(973) (2009CB219502-4).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuhong Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wen Yan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Vitor H. Magalhães
    • 3
  • Zhong Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luis M. Pinheiro
    • 3
  • Nikolaus Gussone
    • 4
  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology, South China Sea Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Guangzhou Center for Gas Hydrate ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM) and Geosciences DepartmentUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  4. 4.Institut für MineralogieUniversität MünsterMünsterGermany

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