Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 71, Issue 4, pp 1593–1603 | Cite as

Nonlinear kinetic analysis of phenol adsorption onto peat soil

  • Supriya PalEmail author
  • Somnath Mukherjee
  • Sudipta Ghosh
Original Article


Phenolic compounds are considered as a serious organic pollutant containing in many industrial effluents particularly vulnerable when the plant discharge is disposed on land. In the present study, the phenol removal potential of peat soil as adsorption media was investigated as the adsorption process are gaining popular for polishing treatment of toxic materials in industrial wastewater. Batch experiments were performed in the laboratory to determine the adsorption isotherms of initial concentrations for 5, 8, 10, 15, and 20 mg/L and predetermined quantity of peat soil with size ranges between 425 and 200 μm poured into different containers. The effects of various parameters like initial phenol concentration, adsorbent quantity, pH, and contact time were also investigated. From experimental results, it was found that 42 % of phenol removal took place with optimized initial phenol concentration of 10 mg/L, adsorbent dose of 200 g/L, solution pH 6.0 for the equilibrium contact time of 6 h. The result exhibits that pseudo-first-order (R 2 = 0.99) and Langmuir isotherm models are fitted reasonably (R 2 = 0.91). Adams–Bohart, Thomas, Yoon–Nelson, and Wolborska models were also investigated to the column experimental data of different bed heights to predict the breakthrough curves and to determine the kinetic coefficient of the models using nonlinear regression analysis. It was found that the Thomas model is the best fitted model to predict the experimental breakthrough curves with the highest coefficient of determination, R 2 = 0.99 and lowest root mean square error and mean absolute performance error values.


Peat soil Adsorption Phenol Batch kinetics Column experiment Nonlinear regression analysis 



The authors are thankful to the Director, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur-713209, West Bengal, INDIA, for providing necessary assistance for carrying out the present research.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentNational Institute of Technology (NIT)DurgapurIndia
  2. 2.Civil Engineering DepartmentJadavpur University (JU)KolkataIndia

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