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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 1671–1680 | Cite as

Anthropogenic influence on sedimentation during the last 100 years inferred from magnetic properties in the Changjiang Estuary, China

  • Yonghong WangEmail author
  • Takashi Oguchi
  • Peter V. Ridd
  • Huanting Shen
Original Article

Abstract

A 100-year sedimentary record in the Changjiang Estuary was examined to elucidate natural and anthropogenic influences on the morphodynamic evolution of the estuary. Two gravity cores were acquired and their magnetic properties, sediment size, chemical elements and 210Pb geochronology were analyzed to infer the sedimentation. The results indicate that these sedimentological indexes, especially magnetic properties and trace elements, changed significantly during the last 100 years, with an abrupt change occurring at around 1960. This abrupt change is likely the result of a reduction in hydrodynamic energy caused by the narrowing of an upstream estuary reach due to reclamation. An increase of terrigenous input, due to soil erosion in the upper and middle reaches of the Changjiang, and increases in steel production may have also had a significant influence, as indicated by studies of other locations in the Changjiang drainage basin.

Keywords

Sediments The Changjiang Estuary Human activities Magnetic properties 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study is funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41030856) and National Key Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41176039), the National Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR201DZ001) and an open fund from the Key Laboratory of Marine Hydrocarbon Resources and Environmental Geology, Ministry of Land and Resources (Grant No. MRE200903). The authors appreciate Prof. Z.D. Chen and Dr. F.W. Guo from the Institute of Marine Geology and Chemistry of National Sun Yat-sen University in Taiwan and Prof. S.Z. Yan and W.G. Zhang the State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University for providing the facilities and assistance on laboratory work. We greatly appreciate the constructive reviews by the editor, two anonymous reviewers and Mel Boer, and their valuable comments improved the manuscript greatly.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yonghong Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Takashi Oguchi
    • 3
  • Peter V. Ridd
    • 4
  • Huanting Shen
    • 5
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting Techniques, Ministry of EducationOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Marine Hydrocarbon Resources and Environmental GeologyMinistry of Land and ResourcesQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Center for Spatial Information ScienceThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  4. 4.Marine Geophysical Laboratory, School of Engineering and Physical SciencesJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal ResearchEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiChina

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