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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 1479–1494 | Cite as

The use of magnetic and geo-electrical data to delineate the subsurface structures and groundwater potentiality in Southeastern Sinai, Egypt

  • El Sayed Ibrahim SelimEmail author
  • Osama Abdel-Raouf
Original Article

Abstract

The study area is located in the southern part of Sinai Peninsula. This study was done to delineate the subsurface structure of the basement rocks affecting the groundwater potentiality in the study area and to perform the lateral and vertical variations in the subsurface lithologic properties. To achieve these, a high-resolution total intensity magnetic map and geo-electrical survey were acquired. Two-dimensional power spectrum, analytical signal, and Euler deconvolution techniques are applied on magnetic data. The geo-electric data interpretations concluded that, the study area can be classified into five units of sediments arranged as: (1) the top surficial layer of dry sand and gravels; (2) the second layer of silty sand layer with thickness ranging from 5 to 35 m; (3) the third layer of dry sand with thickness ranging from 5 to 130 m; (4) the fourth layer composed of saturated sand which was considered as the water-bearing zone of the investigated interval, its thickness ranges between 50m and more than 200 m; (5) the fifth layer is interpreted as basement rocks. The depth to the basement surface has an average value of 156 m at the eastern side and 758 m at the western side of the study area. This area is characterized by a graben structure bounded by major faults striking in the NW–SE direction and is considered one of the most promising regions for water resources in Sinai.

Keywords

Euler deconvolution Analytical signal Power spectrum Geo-electric survey Groundwater potentiality Sinai 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are indebted to Prof. M. Omran and Prof. Ahmed Abu El Ata for their constructive comments on our manuscript, continuous help and support during the progress of this research. The authors also appreciate the peer reviewers that reviewed and commented on this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geology Department, Faculty of ScienceDamietta UniversityNew DamiettaEgypt
  2. 2.Water Resources Research Institute (WRRI)National Water Research Centre (NWRC)CairoEgypt

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