Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 69, Issue 6, pp 2013–2025 | Cite as

Heavy metal contamination in water and sediment of the Port Klang coastal area, Selangor, Malaysia

  • Seyedeh Belin Tavakoly SanyEmail author
  • Aishah Salleh
  • Abdul Halim Sulaiman
  • A. Sasekumar
  • Majid Rezayi
  • Ghazaleh Monazami Tehrani
Original Article


This investigation presents the temporal and spatial distribution of heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Hg, and Zn), in water and in sediments of Port Klang, Malaysia. Water and sediment samples were collected from 21 stations at 3-month intervals, and contamination factor \( (C_{\text{f}} ) \) and contamination degree \( (C_{\text{d}} ) \) were calculated to estimate the contamination status at the sampling stations. Cluster analysis was used to classify the stations based on the contamination sources. Results show that concentrations of As, Cd, Hg, and Pb in sediment and As, Cd, Hg, Pb, Cr, and Zn in water were significantly higher than the background values at which these metals are considered hazardous. The main sources of heavy metal contamination in Port Klang were industrial wastewater and port activities.


Heavy metals Water and sediment pollution Port Klang Malaysia 



This study was supported by the University Malaya Research grant (UMRG) with project number RG174/12SUS and by the University Malaya Postgraduate Research Grant (PPP).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyedeh Belin Tavakoly Sany
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Aishah Salleh
    • 1
  • Abdul Halim Sulaiman
    • 1
  • A. Sasekumar
    • 1
  • Majid Rezayi
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ghazaleh Monazami Tehrani
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biological SciencesUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  3. 3.Food Science and Technology Research InstituteACECR Mashhad BranchMashhadIran

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