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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 61, Issue 7, pp 1327–1336 | Cite as

Influence of pore morphology on the durability of sedimentary building stones from Aragon (Spain) subjected to standard salt decay tests

  • Oscar BujEmail author
  • Josep Gisbert
Original Article

Abstract

The aim of the present article is to identify the influence of the pore morphology on the physical behaviour and durability of natural stone. Fifteen sedimentary rocks commonly used in the cultural and architectural heritage of Aragon (Spain) were characterized. The petrography, porous structure, fluid transport properties and durability of these rocks were analysed. They were classified into two different groups according to the results of the different tests. For each of these groups the physical behaviour was established. A principal components analysis was used in order to examine the correlation between pore structure, hydric properties and durability. The results show that the percentage of pore throats <0.1 μm control the fluid transport properties, have an important influence on stone durability, and can be used to predict resistance to salt decay while the average pore size does not. Stones with a high percentage of pore throats <0.1 μm are less susceptible to salt decay than stones with higher pore size if their pore network is characterized by high tortuosity and low connectivity.

Keywords

Building stone Physical properties Porous structure Salt decay Durability 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Dr. Giuseppe Bargossi and Fausto Peddis for performing the mercury porosimetry measurements.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of ZaragozaZaragozaSpain

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