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Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 61, Issue 5, pp 1075–1084 | Cite as

The karst collapses induced by environmental changes of the groundwater and their distribution rules in North China

  • Keqiang HeEmail author
  • Shengquan Zhang
  • Fei Wang
  • Wen Du
Original Article

Abstract

China, whose distribution area of karst region reaches about 3.63 million km2, is one of the countries that have the widest karst collapse development. In modern-karst collapses, the karst collapse induced by water environment is an important type in karst collapses of North China. This paper completed a systematic study on the relations between groundwater environmental transformation and karst collapses and their distribution rules in northern China and found out that the karst collapses in northern China are closely related to the change of groundwater environment, which increased along with the declining groundwater levels and increasing hydraulic gradient. Meanwhile, it was also found that in all cases of collapse caused by underground-environmental change of northern China, pumping collapses in urban areas appeared to be the commonest and strongest among modern-karst collapses with 20 regions and 796 mining pits in total, which account for 30.7 and 58% of artificial collapses, respectively, followed by collapses that were induced by mining draining and inrushing water with 33 regions and 282 mining pits, accounting for 20.4%. In addition to the conditions listed above, there were also a few water caving collapse and leakage collapse.

Keywords

Karst collapse Environmental change of the groundwater Distribution rule North China 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The study was supported by National Nature Science Foundation of China (40672182; 40872184) and the National Key Project of Scientific and Technical Supporting Programs (2006BAB02A01). Many thanks to Professor Du Rulin and Lecturer Wang Bin from Economic University of Shijiazhuang, China, for supplying the authors with the practical test data of karst collapses. Postgraduates, Li Xinyuan, has completed a significant amount of work in the investigation and data analysis for this paper. The authors are indebted to them for their work on this paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringQingdao Technological UniversityQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of GeologyShijiazhuang Economic UniversityShijiazhuangPeople’s Republic of China

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