Advertisement

Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 61, Issue 5, pp 1013–1023 | Cite as

The distribution of heavy metal in surface soils and their uptake by plants along roadside slopes in longitudinal range gorge region, China

  • Hui Zhao
  • Baoshan CuiEmail author
  • Kejiang Zhang
Original Article

Abstract

Metal distributions (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) in the soils and plants were investigated in roadside surface soils and grass herbage collected from two study sites adjacent to Mangshi–Ruili and Dali–Baoshan highways. At each study site, soil and plant samples were collected along two roadside slopes with distances of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 m away from the highway. Results show that the enrichment of heavy metals in the surface soils and plants along the road is caused by the highway, and it decreases with the increasing distance from the road. Metal concentrations in the soils and plants along the downslope are higher than those in the upslope along the road. The six types of metals investigated in this research mainly distributed within 200 m from the highway. Four types of relationships between metal uptake by plants from soils and the distance were found and their clear distinctions of Cr, Cu, Pd, Ni and Zn uptake by plants were also investigated.

Keywords

Highway Mountain area Slope Heavy metal Soil Plant 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was funded by Natural Science Fund Project of China (No. U0833002; 40571149), the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2003CB415104). We acknowledge the constructive comments and suggestions of anonymous reviewers.

References

  1. Aksoy A, Hale WHG, Dixon JM (1999) Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic.as a biomonitor of heavy metals. Sci Total Environ 226:177–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alaimo MG, Dongarra G, Melati MR, Monna F, Varrica D (2000) Recognition of environmental trace metal contamination using pine needles as bioindicators, the urban area of Palermo (Italy). Environ Geol 39:914–923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alloway BJ, Jackson AP, Morgan H (1990) The accumulation of Cadmium by vegetables grown on soils contaminated from a variety of sources. Sci Total Environ 91:223–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Campanella L, Conti ME, Cubadda F, Sucapane C (2001) Trace metals in seagrass, algae and molluscs from an uncontaminated area in the Mediterranean. Environ Pollut 111:117–126Google Scholar
  5. Caussy D, Gochfeld M, Gurzau E, Corneliu N, Heinz R (2003) Lessons from case studies of metals: investigating exposure, bioavailability and risk. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 25:45–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Celik A, Kartal AA, Akdogan A, Kaska Y (2005) Determining the heavy metal pollution in Denizli (Turkey) by using Robinio pseudo-acacia L. Environ Int 31:105–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. China National Environmental Monitoring Center (1990) The background values of Chinese soil elements (Chinese). Chinese Environmental Science Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  8. Chinese State Environmental Protection Administration (1995) Environment quality standard for soils (Chinese), BeijingGoogle Scholar
  9. Conti ME, Cecchetti G (2003) A biomonitoring study: trace metals in algae and molluscs from Tyrrhenian coastal areas. Environ Res 93(1):99–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dierkes C, Geiger WF (1999) Pollution retention capabilities of roadside soils. Water Sci Technol 39(2):201–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Djingova R, Kovacheva P, Wanger G, Markert B (2003) Distribution of platinum group elements and other traffic related elements among different plants along some highways in Germany. Sci Total Environ 308:235–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Douay F, Roussel H, Pruvot C, Waterlot C (2008) Impact of a smelter closedown on metal contents of wheat cultivated in the neighbourhood. Environ Sci Pollut R 15:162–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ely JC, Neal CR, Kulpa CR, Schneegurt MA, Seidler JA, Jain JC (2001) Implications of platinum group of element accumulation along U.S.roads from catalytic-converters attrition. Environ Sci Technol 35:3816–3822CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fatoki OS (1996) Trace zinc and copper concentrations in roadside surface soils and vegetation-measurement of local atmospheric pollution in Alice, South Africa. Environ Int 22(6):759–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Forman RTT, Sperling D, Bissonette JA, Clevenger AP, Cutshall CD, Dale VH, Fahrig L, France R et al (2002) Road ecology: science and solutions. Inland Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  16. Garcia R, Millan E (1998) Assessment of Cd, Pb and Zn contamination in roadside soils and grasses from Gipuzkoa (Spain). Chemosphere 37:1615–1625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Garcia R, Maiz I, Millan E (1996) Heavy metal contamination analysis of roadsoils and grasses from Gipuzkoa (Spain). Environ Technol 17:763–770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Garty J, Kauppi M, Kauppi A (1996) Accumulation of airborne elements from vehicles in transplanted lichens in urban sites. J Environ Qual 25:265–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Garty J, Galun M, Fuchs C, Nizapel N (1997) Heavy metals in lichen Caloplaca annantia from urban, suburban and rural regions in Israel (a comparative study). Water Air Soil Pollut 8:177Google Scholar
  20. Han YM, Cao JJ, Posmentier ES, Fung K, Tiand H, An ZS (2008) Particulate-associated potentially harmful elements in urban road dusts in Xi’an, China. Appl Geochem 23:835–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hjortenkrans D, Bergback BG, Haggerud AV (2008) Transversal immission patterns and leachability of heavy metals in road side soils. J Environ Monitor 10:739–746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hooda PS, McNulty D, Alloway BJ, Aitken MN (1997) Plant availability of heavy metals in soils previously amended with heavy applications of sewage sludge. J Sci Food Agric 73:446–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hooda PS, Miller A, Edwards AC (2007) The distribution of automobile catalysts-cast platinum, palladium and rhodium in soils adjacent to roads and their uptake by grass. Sci Total Environ 384:384–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hooda PS, Miller A, Edwards AC (2008) The plant availability of auto-cast platinum group elements. Environ Geochem Health 30:135–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jaradat QM, Momani KA (1999) Contamination of roadside soil, plants, and air with heavy metals in Jordan, a comparative study. Turk J Chem 23:209–220Google Scholar
  26. Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (1992) Trace elements in soils and plants, 2nd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FLGoogle Scholar
  27. Klumpp G, Furlan CM, Domingos M, Klumpp A (1999) Response of stress indicators and growth parametres of Tibouchina pulchra Cogn. exposed to air and soil pollution near the industrial complex of Cubatao, Brazil. Sci Total Environ 246:79–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Liu J, He DM (2006) Research agenda for understanding transboundary ecosystem changes and eco-security in southwestern China (Chinese). J Mt Sci 1:81–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Liu J, Cui BS, Dong SK, Wang J, Zhao SQ (2007) The changes of community components and their horizontal patterns caused by highway construction in Longitudinal Range-Gorge Region. Chin Sci Bull 52(supply):213–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lukasik I, Palowski B, Kimsa T, Ciepał R (2000) Effect of road traffic on heavy metal concentration in soil and plants. Acta Biol Silesiana 34:50–63Google Scholar
  31. Markert B, Wuenschmann S, Fraenzle S, Wappelhorst O, Weckert V, Breulmann G, Djingova R, Herpin U et al (2008) On the road from environmental biomonitoring to human health aspects: monitoring atmospheric heavy metal deposition by epiphytic/epigeic plants: present status and future needs. Int J Environ Pollut 32:486–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nabulo G, Oryem-Origa H, Diamond M (2006) Assessment of lead, cadmium, and zinc contamination of roadside soils, surface films, and vegetables in Kampala City, Uganda. Environ Res 101:42–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Okunola OJ, Uzairu A, Ndukwe G (2007) Levels of trace metals in soil and vegetation along major and minor roads in metropolitan city of Kaduna, Nigeria. Afr J Biotechnol 6:1703–1709Google Scholar
  34. Olajire AA, Ayodele ET (1997) Contamination of roadside soil and grass with heavy metals. Environ Int 23(1):91–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Othman I, Aloudat M, Almasri MS (1997) Lead levels in roadside soils and vegetation of Damascus city. Sci Total Environ 207:43–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Piron-Frenet M, Bureau F, Pineau R (1994) Lead accumulation in surface roadside soil: its relationships to traffic density and meteorological parameters. Sci Total Environ 144:297–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pratt C, Lottermoser BG (2007) Trace metal uptake by the grass Melinis repens from roadside soils and sediments, tropical Australia. Environ Geol 52:1651–1662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pyatt FB (2001) Copper and lead bioaccumulation by Acacia retinoides and Eucalyptus torquatain sites contaminated as a consequence of extensive ancient mining activities in Cyprus. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 50:60–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Swaileh KM, Rabay’a N, Salim R, Ezzughayyar A, Abed Rabbo A (2001) Concentrations of heavy metals in roadside soils, plants and landsnails from the West Bank, Palestine. J Environ Sci Health 36(5):765–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Swaileh KM, Hussein RM, Abu-Elhaj S (2004) Assessment of heavy metal contamination in roadside surface soil and vegetation from the West Bank. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 47:23–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Turer DG, Maynard BJ (2003) Heavy metal contamination in highway soils. Comparison of Corpus Christi, Texas and Cincinnati, Ohio shows organic matter is key to mobility. Clean Technol Environ Policy 4(4):235–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Vandecasteele B, Du LG, Quataert P, Tack FMG (2005) Differences in Cd and Zn bioaccumulation for the flood-tolerant Salix cinerea rooting in seasonally flooded contaminated sediments. Sci Total Environ 341:251–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Viard B, Pihan F, Promeyrat S, Pihan JC (2004) Integrated assessment of heavy metal (Pb, Zn, Cd) highway pollution: bioaccumulation in soil, Graminaceae and land snails. Chemosphere 55:1349–1359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang HX (2000) Pollution ecology (Chinese). Higher Education Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  45. Ward NJ, Reeves RD, Brooks RR (1975) Lead in soil and vegetation along a New Zealand state highway with low traffic volume. Environ Pollut 9:243–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Whiteley JD, Murray F (2003) Anthropogenic platinum group elements (Pt, Pd and Rh) concentrations in road dusts and roadside soils from Perth, Western Australia. Sci Total Environ 317:121–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. You WH, He DM, Duan CC (2005) Climate change of the Longitudinal Range-Gorge in Yunnan and its influence on the river flow (Chinese). Acta Geogr Sin 60(1):95–105Google Scholar
  48. Zhao H, Cui BS, Bai JH, Ren HL (2007a) Effects of the expressway on the soil–plant systems in the Longitudinal Range-Gorge Region. Chin Sci Bull 52:203–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhao SQ, Cui BS, Gao LN, Liu J (2007b) Effects of highway construction on soil quality in longitudinal range gorge region in Yunnan province. Chin Sci Bull 52:192–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhu H, Shi JP, Zhao CJ (2005) Species composition, physiognomy and plant diversity of the tropical montane evergreen broad-leaved forest in southern Yunnan (Chinese). Biodivers Conserv 14:2855–2870CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution ControlBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Civil Engineering Department, The Centre of Environmental Engineering Research and Education (CEERE), Schulich School of EngineeringUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

Personalised recommendations