Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 61, Issue 5, pp 983–993 | Cite as

Environmental status of the metropolitan river (Kifissos) of Athens, Greece

  • Ioannis Panagiotopoulos
  • Vasilios Kapsimalis
  • Ioannis Hatzianestis
  • Theodore D. KanellopoulosEmail author
  • Chara Kyriakidou
Original Article


Surficial and sub-surficial sediments obtained from the lower course of the Kifissos River, which drains the Athens Basin, have been analyzed for heavy metals and aliphatic and polycyclic hydrocarbons. Oddly, the calculated enrichment factors for the identified heavy metals, with the baseline taken from a pristine area in the adjacent Saronikos Gulf, are very low excluding only those related to Cu and Zn. In contrast, the enrichment factors for the measured hydrocarbons are particularly high. However, physicochemical water conditions and annual flushing episodes of the Kifissos River may have reduced significantly the sediment chemical fingerprint found out by the present study. Moreover, an evaluation of the fluvial sediment quality based on the enriched Cu and Zn amounts and concentration of PAH fraction with a consideration of the biological thresholds proposed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (USA) reveals little probability for serious biological impairments. Additionally, sediment toxicity due to the sediment PAH load may be considered as minimum.


Urban river Sediment Heavy metals Hydrocarbons Saronikos Gulf 



The financial support provided by the Greek Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works is greatly appreciated. Also the authors are grateful for the laboratory assistance provided by Α. Papageorgiou, Μ. Τaxiarchi, G. Kampouri, C. Pyrgaki, Ε. Plakidi and Β. Stasinos.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioannis Panagiotopoulos
    • 1
  • Vasilios Kapsimalis
    • 1
  • Ioannis Hatzianestis
    • 1
  • Theodore D. Kanellopoulos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chara Kyriakidou
    • 1
  1. 1.Hellenic Centre for Marine ResearchInstitute of OceanographyAtticaGreece

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