Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 355–368 | Cite as

Evaluation of seismic soil-liquefaction at Guwahati city

Original Article


Great earthquakes in the past (e.g. 1869 Cachar earthquake, 1897 great Assam earthquake) have caused large scale damage and ground liquefaction in the Guwahati city. Moreover, seismologists are of opinion that a great earthquake might occur in the unruptured segment of the North-East Himalaya that is near to Guwahati city. In this paper, the liquefaction hazard due to these events have been simulated. The obtained results are in general agreement with the reported damages due to the past earthquakes. The central part of the city (i.e. Dispur, GS road), that has large thickness of soft soil deposit and shallow ground water table, is highly vulnerable to liquefaction.


Earthquake Ground liquefaction Guwahati city 


  1. Anderson J, Hough S (1984) A model for the shape of the Fourier amplitude spectrum of acceleration at high frequencies. Bull Seismol Soc Am 74:1969–1993Google Scholar
  2. Bilham R, England P (2001) Plateau “pop-up” in the great 1897 Assam earthquake. Nature 410:806–809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boore DM (1983) Stochastic simulation of high-frequency ground motions based on seismological models of the radiated spectra. Bull Seismol Soc Am 73:1865–1894Google Scholar
  4. Boore DM, Atkinson GM (1987) Stochastic prediction of ground motion in eastern North America. Bull Seismol Soc Am 4:460–477Google Scholar
  5. Chandler AK, Lam NTK, Tsang HH (2006) Near-surface attenuation modeling based on rock shear-wave velocity profile. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 26:1004–1014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen WP, Molnar P (1990) Source parameters of earthquakes and intraplate deformation beneath the Shillong Plateau and northern Indo-Burma ranges. J Geophys Res 95:12527–12552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. DST (2008) Report on seismic microzonation of Guwahati region. http://www.am.tron.in/microzonation/
  8. Golesorkhi R (1989) Factors influencing the computational determination of earthquake induced shear stresses in sandy soils. PhD thesis, University of California, Berkeley, p 395Google Scholar
  9. GSI (2000) Seismotectonic atlas of India and its environs. Geological Survey, Calcutta, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  10. Guha SK, Bhattacharya U (1984) Studies on prediction of seismicity in northeastern India. Presented at the 8th world conference on earthquake engineering, San Francisco, 21–27 July 1984Google Scholar
  11. Gupta HK, Singh VP (1980) Teleseismic P-wave residual investigations at Shillong, India. Tectonophysics 66:T19–T29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. IBC (2000) International building code, International code councilGoogle Scholar
  13. Idriss IM (1999) An update to the Seed-Idriss simplified procedure for evaluating liquefaction potential. In: Proceedings TRB workshop on new approaches to liquefaction, January, Publication No. FHWA-RD-99-165, Federal Highway AdministrationGoogle Scholar
  14. Idriss IM, Boulanger RW (2006) Semi-empirical procedures for evaluating liquefaction potential during earthquakes. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 26:115–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Iman RL, Conover WJ (1980) Small sample sensitivity analysis techniques for computer models, with an application to risk assessment. Commun Stat A9(17):1749–1842CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Iwasaki T, Tokida K, Tatsuoka F, Watanabe S, Yasuda S, Sato H (1982) Microzonation for soil liquefaction potential using simplified methods. In: Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on microzonation, Seattle, USA, vol 3, pp 1319–1330Google Scholar
  17. Kayal JR (2008) Microearthquake seismology and seismotectonics of South Asia. Capital Publishing Company, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  18. Kayal JR, Arefiev SS, Barua S, Hazarika D, Gogoi N, Kumar A, Chowdhury SN, Kalita S (2006) Shillong plateau earthquakes in northeast India region: complex tectonic model. Curr Sci 19(1):109–114Google Scholar
  19. Khattri K (1999) Probabilities of occurrence of great earthquakes in Himalaya. Earth Planet Sci Proc. Indian acad Sci 108:87–92Google Scholar
  20. Khattri K, Wyss M (1978) Precursory variation of seismicity rate in Assam area, India. Geology 6:685–688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mai PM, Beroza GC (2002) A spatial random field model to characterize complexity in earthquake slip. J Geophys Res 107:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mitra S, Priestley K, Bhattacharyya AK, Gaur VK (2005) Crustal structure and earthquake focal depths beneath northeastern India and Southern Tibet. Geophys J Int 160:227–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Motazedian D, Atkinson GM (2005) Stochastic finite-fault modeling based on a dynamic corner frequency. Bull Seismol Soc Am 95(3):995–1010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nandy DR (2001) Geodynamics of Northeastern India and the adjoining region. ACB Publications, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  25. Oldham T (1882) The Cachar earthquake of 10 January 1869. In: Oldham RD (ed) Mem. Geological Survey of India, vol 19, pt.1, pp 1–88Google Scholar
  26. Oldham RD (1899) Report of the great earthquake of 12 June 1897. Mem. Geological Survey of India, vol 29, pp 1–379Google Scholar
  27. Raghukanth STG, Dash SK (2009) Deterministic seismic scenarios for North East India. J Seismol. doi:10.1007/s10950-009-9158-y
  28. Raghukanth STG, Somala SN (2009) Modeling of strong motion data in Northeastern India: Q, stress drop and site amplification. Bull Seismol Soc Am 99(2A):705–725Google Scholar
  29. Raghukanth STG, Sreelatha S, Dash SK (2008) Ground motion estimation at Guwahati city for a M w 8.1 earthquake in the Shillong plateau. Tectonophysics 448:98–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Saragoni GR, Hart GC (1974) Simulation of artificial earthquakes. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 2:249–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Seed HB, Idriss IM (1971) Simplified procedure for evaluating soil liquefaction potential. J Soil Mech Found Div ASCE 97(9):1249–1273Google Scholar
  32. Singh SK, Ordaz M, Dattatrayam RS, Gupta HK (1999) A spectral analysis of the 21 May 1997, Jabalpur, India, earthquake (M w = 5.8) and estimation of ground motion from future earthquakes in the Indian shield region. Bull Seismol Soc Am 89(6):1620–1630Google Scholar
  33. Sukhija BS, Rao MN, Reddy DV, Nagabhushanam P, Hussain S, Chadha RK, Gupta HK (1999) Paleoliquefaction evidence and periodicity of large prehistoric earthquakes in Shillong Plateau, India. Earth Planet Sci Lett 167:269–282Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

Personalised recommendations