Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 59, Issue 6, pp 1359–1365 | Cite as

Correlation analysis between sand-dust events and meteorological factors in Shapotou, Northern China

  • Yang FengmeiEmail author
  • E. Chongyi
Original Article


The relationship between the sand-dust events in Shapotou and the meteorological factors from the meteorological stations in Shapotou and three surrounding areas are analyzed in this article. The results show that the number of occurrences of floating dust weather annually increases from 1988 to 1998 but there is no such tendency for the number of occurrences of blowing sand and sandstorm. Meteorological factors are highly correlated with the frequency of floating dust weather and the correlation decreased with the increase of distance from Shapotou. Due to the impact of global change and human activities, in parallel, average relative humidity decreased year by year in these four areas, especially in Shapotou, resulting in an increase of the frequency of floating dust weather. Alashan Zuoqi, which is the sand source area, strongly affects Shapotou blowing sand and sandstorm.


Sand-dust event Meteorological factor Correlation coefficient 

Supplementary material

12665_2009_123_MOESM1_ESM.doc (232 kb)
Supplementary material table (DOC 232 kb)


  1. Chun YS, Boo KO, Kim J, Park SU, Lee M (2001) Synopsis, transport, and physical characteristics of Asian dust in Korea. J Geophys Res/Atmospheres 106:18461–18469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ding RQ, Wang SG, Shang KZ, Yang DB, Li JH (2003) Analyses of sandstorm and sand-blowing weather trend and jump in China in recent 45 years. J Desert Res 23:306–310 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Fang ZY, Zhu FK, Jiang JX, Qian ZA (1997) A study of sandstorms in China. Publishing House for Meteorology, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Littmann T (1991) Dust storm frequency in Asia: climatic control and variability. Int J Climatol 11:393–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Pye K (1987) Aeolian dust and dust deposits. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Shao Y, Dong CH (2006) A review on East Asian dust storm climate, modelling and monitoring. Glob Planet Change 52:1–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Shi PJ, Yan P, Gao SY, Wang YM, Ha S, Yu YC (2000) The duststorm disaster in China and its research progress. J Nat Disasters 9:71–77 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Tucker CJ, Dregne HE, Newcomb WW (1991) Expansion and contraction of the Sahara desert from 1980 to 1990. Science 253:299–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Wang SG, Dong GR, Yang DB, Jin J, Shang KZ (1996) A study on sand-dust storms over the desert region in North China. J Nat Disasters 5:86–94 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Xia XC, Yang GS (1996) Dust storms and its control in Northwest China. Chinese Environmental Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Xu JX (2006) Sand-dust stornis in and around the Ordos Plateau of China as influenced by land use change and desertification. Catena 65:279–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Yang GS, Wang YM (1993) The development process of 93-05-05 extremely severe sandstorm and its prevention countermeasures. J Desert Res 13:68–71 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. Zhang DE (1984) Synoptic-climatic studies of dust fall in China since the historic times. Sci China Ser B 27:825–836Google Scholar
  14. Zhen JG (1987) Changes of surface feature of the stabilized mobile dunes at Shapotou southeast edge of Tengger Desert. J Desert Res 7:9–17 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. Zhou ZJ, Zhang GC (2003) Typical severe dust storms in Northern China during 1954–2002. Chin Sci Bull 21:1224–1228Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Earth and Environmental ScienceLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental Systems, MOELanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina

Personalised recommendations