To compare treatment outcome of arthroplasty followed by distraction osteogenesis (AFD) and distraction osteogenesis followed by arthroplasty (DFA) in the management of mandibular deficiencies in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis.
Materials and methods
A total of 20 patients with TMJ Ankylosis were included in the study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of patients for whom arthroplasty was done prior to distraction osteogenesis (AFD) for the correction of deficient mandible. Group 2 included patients where distraction osteogenesis was performed prior to arthroplasty (DFA). The treatment outcome was assessed based on maximum interincisal distance, overjet, corpus length, ramus height, upper airway, lower airway, duration of the procedure and the complications for the treatment at the end of 3, 6 and 12 months.
After the treatment was ended, the patients of both groups had increase in mouth opening and appearance was improved remarkably. There was general increase in all the parameters in both the groups. But at the end of 12 months, airway and the ramus height were more stable and the control of the proximal segment was superior in DFA group. Open bite was noticed in 2 cases of AFD group which was treated by elastics. There required additional surgery for the removal of distractors in the AFD Group. Establishing the airway during the surgery was easier in AFD group.
The study concludes that distraction followed by arthroplasty was a better procedure for the management of TMJ ankylosis owing to its stable results and less number of surgeries.
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Conflict of interest
Dr. G Harsha, Dr. Aditya Mohan Alwala, Dr. Ramesh K, Dr. Srilatha Tunkimetla, Dr. Rathod Prakash, and Dr. Zainuddinelyaskhan Y declare that there are no conflicts of interest.
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Gorrela, H., Alwala, A.M., Ramesh, K. et al. Arthroplasty Followed by Distraction Osteogenesis Versus Distraction Osteogenesis Followed by Arthroplasty in the Management of TMJ Ankylosis: A Comparative Study. J. Maxillofac. Oral Surg. 20, 674–679 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12663-020-01463-3