Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 182–187 | Cite as

What Surgical Education the Speciality Offers? Perception of Role of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery by 1200 Healthcare Professionals, Students and the General Public in Hyderabad, India

  • Ashwant Kumar Vadepally
  • Ramen Sinha
Clinical Paper



To investigate the perception of Oral and maxillofacial surgery by healthcare professionals, students and general public.

Materials and Methods

A questionnaire form was created that listed ten clinical situations, and given by hand to 1200 individuals, divided into six groups: group 1, medical professionals; group 2, Specialties of dentistry; group 3, general dentists; group 4, medical students; group 5, dental students; and group 6, general public, each comprising 200 individuals. Respondents were asked to indicate who they would expect to treat them if they had one of the specified conditions listed in the questionnaire. We present the results and current awareness levels of this simple questionnaire. The present study addresses the common issue raised by many authors, ‘What surgical education the speciality offers?’ especially to medical professionals, medical students and general public to enhance an appropriate referral.


Most of the respondents in groups 2, 3 and 5 agreed that specific conditions listed in the questionnaire were within the domain of oral and maxillofacial surgery, but such response was not seen in groups 1, 4 and 6 (p < 0.001). An overall awareness level of oral and maxillofacial surgery was found to be 50.2%.


The onus of creating and improving the awareness and perception of our specialty lies on oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Unified efforts at individual as well as global level will help achieve this goal.


Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Perception Healthcare professionals Students General public 



I would like to thank my seniors Dr. Gireesha Reddy, MDS, and Dr. Udhav Kanse and my colleagues Dr. Abhishek Budharapu, MDS, and Dr. Revanth Kumar. S, MDS, for their general support and assistance.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


  1. 1.
    Ameerally P, Fordyce AM, Martin IC (1994) So you think they know what we do? The public and professional perception of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 32:142–145CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ifeacho SN, Malhi GK, James G (2005) Perception by the public and medical profession of oral and maxillofacial surgery—has it changed after 10 years? Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 43:289–293CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ologunde R, Sykes M (2014) A review of oral and maxillofacial surgery journals’ contribution to undergraduate surgical education. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 52:894–900CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Subhashraj K, Subramaniam B (2008) Awareness of the specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgery among health care professional in Pondicherry, India. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:2330–2334CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jarosz KF, Ziccardi VB, Aziz SR, Sue-Jiang S (2013) Dental student perceptions of oral and maxillofacial surgery as a specialty. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 71:965–973CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rangarajan S, Kaltman S, Rangarajan T, Lopez E (2008) The general public’s recognition and perception of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Radiol Endod 106:15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rocha NS, Laureano Filho JR, Silva ED, Almeida RC (2008) Perception of oral maxillofacial surgery by health-care professionals. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 37:41–46CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hunter MJ, Rubeiz T, Rose L (1996) Recognition of the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery by the public and health care professionals. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 54:1227–1233CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sherick DG, Buchman SR, Patel PP (1998) Pediatric facial fractures: analysis of differences in subspeciality care. Plast Reconstr Surg 102:28–31CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Balasundaram I, Al-Hadad I, Parmar S (2012) Recent advances in reconstructive oral and maxillofacial surgery. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 50:695–705CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Collyer J (2010) Stereotactic navigation in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 48:79–83CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Borumandi F, Heliotis M, Kerawala C, Bisase B, Cascarini L (2012) Role of robotic surgery in oral and maxillofacial, and head and neck surgery. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 50:389–393CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Payne KFB, Balasundaram I, Deb S, Di Silvio L, Fan KF (2014) Tissue engineering technology and its possible applications in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 52:7–15CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Eggers G, Klein J, Blank J, Hassfeld S (2004) Piezosurgery®: an ultrasound device for cutting bone and its use and limitations in maxillofacial surgery. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 42:451–453CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Doeuk C, Hersant B, Bosc R, Lange F, SidAhmed-Mezi M, Bouhassira J, Meningaud JP (2015) Current indications for low level laser treatment in maxillofacial surgery: a review. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 53:309–315CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Treasure TE, Dean JS, Gear RD Jr (2013) Craniofacial approaches and reconstruction in skull base surgery: techniques for the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 71:2137–2150CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shakib K, Tan A, Soskic V, Seifalian AM (2014) Regenerative nanotechnology in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 52:884–893CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Li B, Zhang L, Zhao Z, Shen G, Wang X (2012) Minimally invasive endoscopic resection of benign tumours of the accessory parotid gland: an updated approach. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 51:342–346CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Green B, Cobb AR, Brennan PA, Hopper C (2014) Optical diagnostic techniques for use in lesions of the head and neck: review of the latest developments. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 52:675–680CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Coyle M, Godden A, Brennan PA, Cascarini L, Coombes D, Kerawala C, McCaul J, Godden D (2013) Dynamic reanimation for facial palsy: an overview. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 51:679–683CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cobb AR, Green B, Gill D, Ayliffe P, Lloyd TW, Bulstrode N, Dunaway DJ (2014) The surgical management of Treacher Collins syndrome. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 52:581–589CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Laskin DM, Ellis JA Jr, Best AM (2002) Public recognition of specialty designations. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 60:1182–1185CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    McArdle PJ, Whitnall M (1996) The referral practice of general medical practitioners to the surgical specialties: implications for the future. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 34:394–399CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgerySri Sai Collage of Dental SurgeryVikarabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgerySri Sai College of Dental SurgeryVikarabadIndia

Personalised recommendations