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Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 438–444 | Cite as

Maxillofacial Injuries in Women: A Retrospective Study of 10 Years

  • Sudhir Ramisetty
  • Rajasekhar Gaddipati
  • Nandagopal Vura
  • Satheesh Pokala
  • Sheetal Kapse
Research Paper
  • 117 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Diversities exists in incidence, etiology and epidemiology of facial fractures among male and female individuals due to various reasons. Many of the epidemiological studies published during the millennium have shown male predilection. This study was carried to evaluate the etiology, patterns and distribution of facial fractures among different age groups in women.

Materials and Methods

This Retrospective epidemiological study dealt with a total of 302 women with 422 fractures in maxillofacial region during a period of June 1st 2005 to May 31st 2015 at Mamata Dental College and Hospital, Khammam, Telangana, India.

Results

Mean age of incidence was 31.58 years, mandibular fractures were highest (44.07 %) followed by zygomaticomaxillary complex injuries (ZMC) (20.37 %). Road traffic accidents (RTA) injuries (53.7 %) were highest, followed by assault (23.9 %) and other causes. Highest number (33.8 %) of fractures were sustained in the 3rd decade and least (0.7 %) in the 8th decade of life. Among soft tissue injuries most commonly seen were lacerations (51 %).

Conclusion

Results of this study suggest that there is an increase in the number of maxillofacial injuries in women, representing changes in the society, exposing women to similar conditions like men and increased number of working women. This study helps to identify trauma burden, assess the awareness of current preventive measures, women protection laws, for instituting new guidelines for prevention and planning health care services for women.

Keywords

Facial fractures Road traffic accidents Assault Women 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declares that they have no conflicts of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© The Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudhir Ramisetty
    • 1
  • Rajasekhar Gaddipati
    • 1
  • Nandagopal Vura
    • 1
  • Satheesh Pokala
    • 1
  • Sheetal Kapse
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryMamata Dental College and HospitalKhammamIndia

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