Maxillofacial Injuries in Women: A Retrospective Study of 10 Years
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Diversities exists in incidence, etiology and epidemiology of facial fractures among male and female individuals due to various reasons. Many of the epidemiological studies published during the millennium have shown male predilection. This study was carried to evaluate the etiology, patterns and distribution of facial fractures among different age groups in women.
Materials and Methods
This Retrospective epidemiological study dealt with a total of 302 women with 422 fractures in maxillofacial region during a period of June 1st 2005 to May 31st 2015 at Mamata Dental College and Hospital, Khammam, Telangana, India.
Mean age of incidence was 31.58 years, mandibular fractures were highest (44.07 %) followed by zygomaticomaxillary complex injuries (ZMC) (20.37 %). Road traffic accidents (RTA) injuries (53.7 %) were highest, followed by assault (23.9 %) and other causes. Highest number (33.8 %) of fractures were sustained in the 3rd decade and least (0.7 %) in the 8th decade of life. Among soft tissue injuries most commonly seen were lacerations (51 %).
Results of this study suggest that there is an increase in the number of maxillofacial injuries in women, representing changes in the society, exposing women to similar conditions like men and increased number of working women. This study helps to identify trauma burden, assess the awareness of current preventive measures, women protection laws, for instituting new guidelines for prevention and planning health care services for women.
KeywordsFacial fractures Road traffic accidents Assault Women
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declares that they have no conflicts of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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