Facial Anthropometric Norms of the Young Iranian Population
- 89 Downloads
Facial anthropometric measurement is considered an essential concern of surgeons, orthodontists, artists and forensic scientists. The aim of this study is to investigate facial anthropometric norms of the young Iranian population.
The study participants consisted of 200 healthy Iranian students (100 males, 100 females) aged 18–25 years old. Twenty-three liner and four angular measurements were investigated twice by a dentist. Independent-samples t test was used to compare indices between males and females and also between countries. A p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
It was found that the mean measurements of c’–sn’ of both sides, nasolabial angle, trichion–gnathion, tragion–tragion and gnathion–gnathion were statistically greater in Iranian males than in females (p < 0.05). Comparing Iranian anthropometric norms with North American Whites, Malays, Turkish and African American women demonstrated that there were statistically significant differences in most anthropometric measurements between Iranians and other populations (p < 0.05).
In Iranians, mean measurements of c’–sn’ of the right and left sides, nasolabial angle, trichion–gnathion, tragion–tragion and gnathion–gnathion were greater in men than in women. Comparing Iranian males and females with different ethnicities indicated several interracial differences, which should be taken into consideration when dealing with patients or also practitioners originated in this region.
KeywordsAnthropometry Anthropometric norms Face Facial
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
Mohammad Bayat, Mahsa Shariati, Fatemeh Rajaeirad,Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Fatemeh Momen-heravi, Zeinab Davoudmanesh declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- 8.Mohajerani H, Karimi F, Mohajerani A, Rakhshan V (2013) Incidence and risk factors of functional upper airway complications of primary esthetic closed rhinoplasty in two residency programs: a 6-month preliminary prospective cohort study. Dent Res J (Isfahan) 10:74–80Google Scholar
- 19.Scavone H Jr, Trevisan H Jr, Garib DG, Ferreira FV (2006) Facial profile evaluation in Japanese–Brazilian adults with normal occlusions and well-balanced faces. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 129(721):e1–e5Google Scholar
- 31.Al-Gunaid T, Yamada K, Yamaki M, Saito I (2007) Soft-tissue cephalometric norms in Yemeni men. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 132(576):e7–e14Google Scholar
- 43.Berneburg M, Dietz K, Niederle C, Goz G (2010) Changes in esthetic standards since 1940. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 137(450):e1–e9 discussion-1 Google Scholar