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Flexible synthetic mobility modeling to discover trajectories for complex areas of mobile wireless networks


Mobility modeling is one of the most influential pillars in improving the performance of wireless networks. Understanding mobility features is relevant for the design and analysis of proper motion schemes for any network. Up to now, a variety of entity mobility models have been suggested which do not take into account all the characteristics of real-life movements (time, space, environment). In order to obtain an improved model that overcomes such limitations, in this paper a new hybrid synthetic entity mobility model is proposed, called the Maze mobility model (MzMM). It takes into consideration the timeline history, spatial dependencies, and geographical restrictions as well. At the same time, it respects the laws of motion to reflect actual scenarios using a flexible discovery mechanism, where it permits nodes arriving at predefined destinations following the most appropriate trajectories in the presence of several obstacles. This approach allows mobile nodes to move correctly even in the presence of multiple mobility constraints. The significance of this research is that the new approach considers a realistic combination of parameters to achieve a flexible and robust mobility model that can be applied for autonomous or human mobility, even in complex environments to provide optimized performances for networks, as demonstrated by its high performance results.

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Maze mobility model


Quality of service


Mobility models


Mobile ad hoc network


Vehicular ad-hoc network


Wireless sensor network


RandomWaypoint MM


Manhattan grid mobility model


Reference point group MM


Nomadic MM


Self-similar least action walk


Ad hoc on-demand distance vector


Optimized link state routing protocol


Zone routing protocol


Packet delivery ratio


Route request


Route reply


Intra-zone routing protocol


Inter-zone routing protocol


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Correspondence to Nisrine Ibadah.

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Ibadah, N., Rziza, M., Minaoui, K. et al. Flexible synthetic mobility modeling to discover trajectories for complex areas of mobile wireless networks. J Ambient Intell Human Comput (2019).

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  • Maze mobility model
  • Mobility model
  • Routing protocol
  • Performance analysis
  • Wireless network