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Table 1 Fundamental cognitive abilities

From: MobileCogniTracker

Cognitive ability Used for Exemplary use case
Perception Recognising and interpreting sensory input Identify the sound of a telephone
Attention Focusing on and becoming aware of unitary objects Reading and writing
Memory Information storage; knowledge retrieval Learning and remembering
Language skills Expressing and understanding words Talking and listening
Visuospatial processing Orientation in space and object perception Understand the layout of a room
Executive functions Goal oriented behaviour inhibition;working memory;cognitive flexibility Resist impulses; understanding mathematical problems