Ergonomic evaluation of video game playing

  • Si-Jing Chen
  • Yen-Yu Kang
  • Chih-Long LinEmail author
Original Research


This study investigated the effect of display type, play-rest schedule and game type on visual fatigue, heart rate and mental workload for both genders during 1 h of Wii game playing. Twenty subjects participated in the experiment. Two display types (a 32-in CRT display and a 32-in plasma display), two different play-rest schedules (10 min play with 5 min rest, repeated four times; 20 min play with 10 min rest, repeated two times) and two Nintendo “Wii Sports” games (boxing and tennis) were used for evaluation. The study results showed that the display and game type had a significant effect on all the measurements. The use of a plasma display to play video games improved the critical flicker fusion (CFF) frequency threshold; however, it also caused a greater subjective eye-fatigue rating, increased heart rate, as well as higher mental workload. Subjects with a 5-min break for every 10 min played had a lower subjective eye-fatigue rating, heart rate and mental workload than with a 10-min break for every 20 min played. The gender effect was not significant on any of the measurements. Implications of the results regarding video-game playing are discussed in terms of display and game type. Playing video games with frequent short breaks is suggested for reducing visual fatigue, especially for intensive video games.


Critical flicker fusion frequency Subjective eye-fatigue rating Video game NASA-TLX TV display 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Creative Industry DesignNational Taiwan University of ArtsNew Taipei CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Industrial DesignNational Kaohsiung Normal UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Crafts and DesignNational Taiwan University of ArtsNew Taipei CityTaiwan

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