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Activity modeling under uncertainty by trace of objects in smart homes

Abstract

A typical resident of a smart home can be an Alzheimer patient that forgets sometimes to complete the activities that he begins. The key point to assist the smart home resident is to model the activities and discover correct realization patterns of activities. To accomplish this task, we apply sensors to provide primary data about realization patterns of actions, operations, plans, goals and generally any objective that the smart home resident may desire to do. In the consequence, by applying fuzzy clustering techniques, we are able to mine sensor data to retrieve the realization patterns of activities, and so the prediction patterns of intentions are recognizable. Comparing the realization patterns with prediction patterns of activities, we would be able to predict the intention of the resident about the activity that the resident considers to realize. In this way, we would be able to provide hypotheses about the resident goals and his possible goal achievement’s defects. Spatiotemporal aspects of daily activities such as movement of objects are surveyed to discover the patterns of activities realized by the smart homes residents. In this research, uncertainty is considered as a property of activity recognition.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    http://liara.uqac.ca.

  2. 2.

    In LIARA more than 100 sensors (variable) are embedded in the Smart Home, and considering RFID tags, more than 700 features of activities are observed.

  3. 3.

    Information entropy indicates a measure of disorder or randomness of information in a dataset.

  4. 4.

    In the proposed case study, it is the location of RFID antennas that observe RFID tags in the environment. Their position is fixed in the environment and it can be said that they have absolute positions in the environment.

  5. 5.

    http://www.mathworks.com/help/toolbox/fuzzy/fp351dup8.html.

  6. 6.

    http://www.mathworks.com/help/toolbox/fuzzy/evalfis.html.

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Correspondence to Farzad Amirjavid.

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Amirjavid, F., Bouzouane, A. & Bouchard, B. Activity modeling under uncertainty by trace of objects in smart homes. J Ambient Intell Human Comput 5, 159–167 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12652-012-0156-5

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Keywords

  • Ambient environment
  • Fuzzy logic
  • Fuzzy subtractive clustering
  • Activity recognition
  • Temporal data mining