A tangible experiment support system with presentation ambiguity for safe and independent chemistry experiments

Abstract

We propose a tangible experiment support system that facilitates safe and independent chemistry experiments. For safe experiments, the system displays messages that alert a student to avoid a possible accident based on the operational context. Simultaneously, the system is designed to facilitate active thinking, in which the key concept is multiple interpretations of a message, to avoid dependency on the system in future experiments. The concept of an information presentation with three-dimensional ambiguity, i.e., semantic, spatial and temporal, is presented. A prototype application A3 (A-CUBE) is presented, which extracts various operational contexts in a chemistry experiment from the usage of experimental apparatus and materials. We report the usability experiment and discuss the feasibility of a presentation with ambiguity for active thinking. Additionally, the design principle of a message with semantic ambiguity and future work are presented.

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Acknowledgments

We express our thanks to Prof. Wuled Lenggoro and Dr. Mayumi Tsukada for their helpful advice concerning accidents during chemistry experiments. This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) No. 21500117 from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.

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Correspondence to Akifumi Sokan.

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Sokan, A., Hou, M.W., Shinagawa, N. et al. A tangible experiment support system with presentation ambiguity for safe and independent chemistry experiments. J Ambient Intell Human Comput 3, 125–139 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12652-011-0079-6

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Keywords

  • Tangible learning
  • Information presentation with ambiguity
  • Avoidance of possible accidents
  • Augmented reality
  • Projector-camera system
  • Chemistry experiments