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Tab. 1 Descriptive Statistics

From: Overqualification of graduates: assessing the role of family backgroundÜberqualifikation von Hochschulabsolventen: Welche Rolle spielt der familiäre Hintergrund?

  Mean SD Min Max
Overqualification 0.201 0.401 0 1
High PEa 0.461 0.499 0 1
(Pre-)Study characteristics:     
Vocational education 0.373 0.484 0 1
School gradeb 0.000 0.998 \(-\)3.16 2.53
University gradec 0.000 0.998 \(-\)4.12 2.42
Duration of studyc 0.000 0.998 \(-\)2.54 6.29
Univ. of applied sciences (UAS) 0.253 0.435 0 1
University types, Subjects:     
Univ.: Medicine & Law 0.111 0.314 0 1
Univ.: Teaching 0.112 0.315 0 1
Univ.: STEM Subjects 0.247 0.431 0 1
UAS: STEM Subjects 0.172 0.377 0 1
Univ.: Bus & Econ 0.145 0.352 0 1
UAS: Bus & Econ 0.046 0.209 0 1
Univ.: Soc & Cult Science 0.133 0.340 0 1
UAS: Soc & Cult Science 0.035 0.184 0 1
Job found through:     
Agency of parents/friends 0.077 0.267 0 1
Job before studying 0.048 0.214 0 1
Job while studying 0.126 0.332 0 1
Internship 0.162 0.369 0 1
Worked during study:     
Yes: related to subject 0.569 0.495 0 1
Yes: not related to subject 0.189 0.392 0 1
Not worked during study 0.242 0.428 0 1
Study was financed by:     
Own work (in %) 28.453 22.538 0 99
Parental support (in %) 44.766 31.489 0 99
Distance work and native place:     
Less than 50 km 0.470 0.499 0 1
Between 50 km and 100 km 0.146 0.353 0 1
More than 100 km 0.385 0.487 0 1
Improve career prospects:     
Commitment to the job 0.433 0.496 0 1
Gained experience abroad 0.313 0.464 0 1
Established social networks 0.406 0.491 0 1
Have been mobile 0.300 0.458 0 1
Attended additional courses 0.415 0.493 0 1
Future goals:     
Above-average performance 0.685 0.465 0 1
Fully exploit own potential 0.801 0.399 0 1
Fill a leading position 0.547 0.498 0 1
Observations 3706    
  1. a High Parental Education (PE) takes value one if at least one parent has a tertiary degree and zero otherwise b Standardised within federal states c Standardised within subjects and university types. Source: HIS-Graduate Panel 1997.