Synergistic Effect of Sulfide and Ammonia on Anaerobic Digestion of Chicken Manure

  • Recep Önder Sürmeli
  • Alper Bayrakdar
  • Rahim Molaey
  • Bariş Çalli
Original Paper
  • 104 Downloads

Abstract

The effect of the sulfur load on anaerobic digestion of chicken manure (CM) was investigated in a laboratory scale anaerobic mono-digester at high total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentrations. The digester was operated for 268 days by increasing the organic loading rate from 0.5 to 2.5 kg-VS/m3/day and the total Kjeldahl nitrogen up to 5050 mg/l. The CH4 yield of 0.36 ± 0.02 m3/kg-VS was achieved at 2.5 kg-VS/m3/day of loading rate without any inhibition. The results showed that, anaerobic mono-digestion of chicken manure was applicable with the acclimation of microbial consortium to high TAN concentrations. However, when the sulfur content of the CM fed to the digester increased suddenly by coincidence, the CH4 yield decreased about 25% from 0.36 ± 0.02 to 0.27 ± 0.03 m3/kg-VS. As a result, the acetic acid concentration increased from 130 to 1700 mg/l showing that the acetate consuming methanogens were detrimentally affected from TAN and total sulfide concentrations above 4000 and 100 mg/l, respectively.

Keywords

Ammonia Anaerobic digestion Chicken manure Inhibition Total sulfide Sulfur 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) financially supported this study [Project Number: 113Y333].

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Recep Önder Sürmeli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alper Bayrakdar
    • 1
    • 3
  • Rahim Molaey
    • 1
  • Bariş Çalli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringMarmara UniversityKadikoyTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringBartın UniversityBartınTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Environmental EngineeringNecmettin Erbakan UniversityKonyaTurkey

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